The Navy Department announces that instructions have been issued 
that the remains of naval personnel, including Coast Guard and 
Marine Corps, lost in action be interred temporarily in the 
localities in which they lost their lives.  This procedure is 
necessitated by the difficulties of ocean transport in 
war.  They will be buried with full military honors.

No. 2                                       DECEMBER 11, 1941
 
The Marine garrison on Wake Island has been subject to four 
separate attacks in the last 48 hours by enemy aircraft and one 
by light naval units.  Despite the loss of part of the defending 
planes and the damage to material and personnel, the defending 
garrison succeeded in sinking one light cruiser and one 
destroyer of the enemy forces by air action.  A resumption of 
the attack and a probable landing attempt is expected.  The 
Marine garrison is continuing to resist.  The above report is 
based on information received up until noon December 11.

No. 3                                       DECEMBER 11, 1941

The Navy Department announced that Admiral Thomas C. Hart, U. S. 
Navy, Commander in Chief, United States Asiatic Fleet, has 
reported that Navy patrol planes scored bomb hits on a Japanese 
battleship of the Kongo class off the coast of Luzon.  The ship 
was badly damaged.  This is the second Japanese battleship to be 
bombed effectively by United States forces.

No. 4                                       DECEMBER 12, 1941

Naval forces continue to coordinate their efforts with the Army 
on land, sea and in the air against heavy Japanese attacks on 
the Island of

Luzon.  There is no confirmation of the alleged occupation of 
Guam by the Japanese.  The resistance of Wake and Midway 
continues.  No further air activity over Hawaii has been 
reported.  The situation in the Atlantic remains unchanged.
The above is based on reports up to noon today.

No. 5                                       DECEMBER 13, 1941

The Navy Department announced that it is unable to communicate 
with Guam either by radio or cable.  The capture of the island 
is probable.  A small force of less than 400 naval personnel and 
155 marines were stationed in Guam.  According to the last 
reports from Guam, the island had been bombed repeatedly and 
Japanese troops had landed at several points on the island.
Wake and Midway continue to resist.
The above is based on reports until 9 a. m. today.

No. 6                                       DECEMBER 13, 1941

U. S. airmen turned back the fishing vessel Alert of U. S. 
registry in the Gulf of Nicoya, on the west coast of Costa 
Rica.  The vessel was boarded on its return to port and was 
found to have seven Japanese in the crew.  They were taken into 
custody.  The Alert was loaded with a cargo of 10,000 gallons of 
Diesel oil.
No new developments have been reported from combat areas as of 3 
p. m. (e. s. t.) today.

No. 7                                       DECEMBER 14, 1941

There have been two additional bombing attacks on Wake 
Island.  The first was light, the second was undertaken in great 
force.  Two enemy bombers were shot down.  Damage was 
inconsequential.
The Marines on Wake Island continue to resist.
Enemy submarines are known to be operating in the Hawaiian 
area.  Vigorous attacks are being made against them.
The above is based on reports up until noon today.

DECEMBER 15, 1941

BRIEF REPORT OF CONDUCT OF NAVAL PERSONNEL DURING JAPANESE 
ATTACK, PEARL HARBOR, T. H., DECEMBER 7, 1941

The Secretary of the Navy, after making a full report to the 
President this morning on behalf of the Navy Department, issued 
the following statement this afternoon concerning the air attack 
on the island of Oahu on Sunday, December 7:
My inspection trip to the island enables me to present the 
general facts covering the attack which hitherto have been 
unavailable.

1. The essential fact is that the Japanese purpose was to knock 
out the United States before the war began. This was made 
apparent by the deception practiced, by the preparations which 
had gone on for many weeks before the attack, and the attacks 
themselves which were made simultaneously throughout the 
Pacific. In this purpose the Japanese failed.

2. The United States services were not on the alert against the 
surprise air attack on Hawaii. This fact calls for a formal 
investigation which will be initiated immediately by the 
President. Further action is, of course, dependent on the facts 
and recommendations made by this investigating board. We are all 
entitled to know it if (a) there was any error of judgment which 
contributed to the surprise, (b) if there was any dereliction of 
duty prior to the attack.

3. My investigation made clear that after the attack the defense 
by both services was conducted skillfully and bravely. The Navy 
lost:

(a) The battleship Arizona which was destroyed by the 
explosion  of first, its boiler and then its forward magazine 
due to a  bomb which was said to have literally passed down 
through the smokestack;
(b) The old target ship Utah which has not been used as a 
combatant ship for many years, and which was in service as a 
training ship for antiaircraft gunnery and experimental 
purposes;
(c) Three destroyers, the Cassin, the Downes, and the Shaw;
(d) Minelayer Oglala. This was a converted merchantman formerly 
a passenger ship on the Fall River Line and converted into a 
mine layer during the World War.

The Navy sustained damage to other vessels. This damage varied 
from ships which have been already repaired, and are ready for 
sea, or which have gone to sea, to a few ships which will take 
from a week to several months to repair. In the last category is 
the older battleship Oklahoma which has capsized but can be 
righted and repaired. The entire balance of the Pacific Fleet 
with its aircraft carriers, its heavy cruisers, its lights 
cruisers, its destroyers, and submarines are uninjured and are 
all at sea seeking contact with the enemy.

4. The known Japanese materiel losses were 3 submarines and 41 
aircraft.

5. Army losses were severe in aircraft and some hangars, but 
replacements have arrived or are on their way.

6. The up-to-date figures of Navy killed and wounded are: 
officers, 91 dead and 20 wounded; enlisted men, 2,638 dead and 
636 wounded.

The Secretary of the Navy told in some detail of many individual 
actions of outstanding courage.

He said:
"In the Navy's gravest hour of peril, the officers and men of 
the fleet exhibited magnificent courage and resourcefulness 
during the treacherous Japanese assault on Pearl Harbor. The 
real story of Pearl Harbor is not one of individual heroism, 
although there were many such cases. It lies in the splendid 
manner in which all hands did their job as long as they were 
able, not only under fire but while fighting the flames 
afterward and immediately starting salvage work and 
reorganization.

"Prompt action saved many lives and a vast amount of material. 
Without exception, all ships and stations rose to the emergency. 
Less than 4 minutes after the first alarm, guns of the fleet 
went into action against enemy aircraft. Seconds later the first 
Japanese plane was shot down.

"To a recruit seaman aboard a battleship probably goes the honor 
of striking the first telling blow in the fleet's defense. Even 
before 'general quarter' sounded, this youngster single-handedly 
manned a machine gun and blasted an attacking torpedo plane as 
it leveled against his ship.

"The dying captain of a battleship displayed the outstanding 
individual heroism of the day. As he emerged from the conning 
tower to the bridge, the better to fight his ship, his stomach 
was laid completely open by a shrapnel burst. He fell to the 
deck. Refusing to be carried to safety, he continued to direct 
the action. When the bridge became a blazing inferno, two 
officers attempted to remove him. But he ordered them to abandon 
him and save themselves. The latter found themselves blocked by 
the flames. Only the heroic efforts of a third officer enabled
them to escape. He climbed through the fire to a higher level 
from which he passed one line to an adjoining battleship, and 
another to his trapped shipmates. By this frail means they made 
their way to safety.

"Entire ship's companies showed exemplary valor and 
coordination.  Drama was thus crowded into a few seconds on 
board an aircraft tender moored at the naval air station, target 
of the enemy's fiercest bombing and strafing. With the ship 
already on fire from repeated high-altitude attacks, her 
antiaircraft batteries downed a plane which crashed in flames on 
deck. At this moment her captain observed the shadow of an enemy 
two-man submarine approaching within a few yards of the vessel. 
It was placed under fire. Hits were scored immediately and the 
submarine exposed her conning tower. At that instant a destroyer 
stood down channel, passed directly over the submarine, and sank 
it with depth charges. Doubtless saved from this craft's 
torpedoes, the tender then shot down a second plane, which fell 
on land nearby.

"Men fought with the cool confidence that comes from complete 
indoctrination for battle. In one case, a single bluejacket 
manned a 5-inch antiaircraft gun after his 10 battery mates had 
been shot down by a strafing attack. He would seize a shell from 
the fuze-pot, place it in the tray, dash to the other side of 
the gun, and ram it home. He would then take his position on the 
pointer's seat and fire. After the third such round, a terrific 
explosion blew him over the side of the battleship. He was 
rescued.

"At the several naval air stations attacked, crews dashed into 
the flames enveloping planes set ablaze by incendiaries, 
stripped off free machine guns, and with them returned the 
enemy's fire. In at least one instance an enemy craft was shot 
down.

"Two cruiser scouting seaplanes, their speed and maneuverability 
reduced by heavy pontoons, destroyed an attacking Japanese 
pursuit ship of thrice their speed.

"Simultaneously throughout the navy yard examples of personal 
heroism developed. Several workmen of Japanese ancestry deserted 
their benches to help the Marine defense battalion man machine-
gun nests. Two of them with hands blistered from hot gun 
barrels, required emergency treatment.

"Cool as ice, the men who manned the navy yard signal tower from 
which flashed orders to the anchored fleet, carried out their 
assignment under a hail of machine-gun fire and bombs from the 
enemy, as well as shrapnel from their own force's antiaircraft 
batteries. None left his dangerous post. First to observe the 
invaders through their long glasses from their high vantage 
point, they sent out the astounding air raid warning by visual 
signals. Then they settled into the complex business of 
transmitting the scores of orders to the ships that fought back 
at the attackers from their berths, or prepared to stand out to 
sea.

"Men from ships out of action managed at any cost to return to 
the battle. There were the survivors of the capsized ship who 
swam through blazing oil to clamber aboard other ships and join 
gun crews. Crews from another disabled vessel swam into mid-
channel where they were hoisted aboard outward-bound destroyers. 
Proof that getting back into battle took precedence over their 
own lives was the fact that the comparative safety of the shore 
lay only a few yards away. Lying in a hospital bed when the 
first air raid alarm sounded, one officer leaped up, brushed 
aside nurses and ran across the navy yard to his ship. He fought 
with such gallantry and zeal, despite his illness, that his 
captain recommended him for promotion.

"There was the case of the destroyer tender which lay alongside 
a dock undergoing major overhaul, powerless and without 
armament. Unable to assume an active defense role, she concerned 
herself with the vital task of rescue with her available ship's 
boats. One Naval Reserve ensign volunteered as skipper of a 
motor launch. With four men he proceeded across Pearl Harbor's 
reverberating channel through a hail of enemy machine-gun fire 
and shrapnel. They saved almost 100 men from 1 battleship - men 
who had been injured or blown overboard into the oil-fired 
waters. The attack on this vessel was at its height as these 
rescue operations proceeded. Suddenly the launch's propeller 
jammed. Coolly, the ensign directed the work of disengaging the 
screw as flames licked around its wooden hull, meantime also 
supervising the picking up of more victims from the harbor. His 
captain cited him for 'initiative, resourcefulness, devotion to 
duty and personal bravery displayed'.

"Four motor-torpedo boats had been loaded aboard a fleet tanker 
for shipment. Their youthful ensign-captains put their power-
driven turret machine guns into immediate action, accounting for 
at least one enemy raider plane.

"To the unsung heroes of the harbor auxiliaries must go much of 
the credit for helping stem the onslaught. Even the lowly 
garbage lighters shared the grim task. One came alongside a 
blazing ship which threatened momentarily to explode. Calmly the 
yardcraft's commander led fire-fighting both aboard the warship 
and on the surface of the harbor. He kept his tiny vessel beside 
the larger one for 24 hours.

"Men's will-to-fight was tremendous. One seaman had been 
confined to his battleship's brig for misconduct a few days 
earlier. When an explosion tore open the door, he dashed 
straight to his battle station on an antiaircraft gun. On the 
submarine base dock a bluejacket, carrying a heavy machine gun 
for which there was no mount immediately available, shot the 
weapon from his arms, staggering under the concussion of the 
rapid fire.

"Quick-thinking in the dire emergency probably saved many lives 
and ships. An aviation machinist's mate aboard one ship saw that 
flames from the huge vessel threatened a repair ship alongside. 
He ran through the blaze and single-handedly slashed the lines 
holding the two ships together. Freed, the smaller craft drew 
clear. Only in the final moments, when remaining aboard appeared 
utterly hopeless, would men leave their ships. Then they went 
reluctantly. Once ashore, instead of finding some dry place to 
recuperate from their terrific pounding, they pitched emergency 
quarters as near their vessels as possible. And with portable 
guns they continued to fight; later they stood guard at these 
same camps as repair operations began on their ships, setting 
regular shipboard watches. Like all treacherous attacks, the 
bombing of Pearl Harbor by the Japanese caught certain vessels 
of the fleet under periodic overhaul. While in this condition of 
repair, such ships were not able to utilize their offensive 
powers to the greatest effectiveness. These ships, therefore, 
turned to with a will at many useful purposes. One ship rescued 
with its boats, hundreds of survivors thrown into the water by 
the force of explosions; meanwhile the surface of the water was 
becoming a raging inferno from burning oil. Other ships sent 
their repair parties to help the fighting ships keep afloat. 
Others sent ammunition parties to maintain the flow of powder 
and shells to the guns. Without doubt the whole spectacle was 
the greatest spontaneous exhibition of cooperation, 
determination, and courage that the American Navy has been 
called upon to make. The crew of one ship followed it around on 
its outside as it capsized, firing their guns until they were 
under water. Those same men stood on the dock and cheered as one 
of the more fortunate ships cleared the harbor and passed by, en 
route after the Japanese. Of all the accounts submitted on that 
memorable day, the record shows a continual demonstration of 
courage, bravery, and fearlessness of which the American Nation 
may well be proud."

No. 8                                       DECEMBER 15, 1941

A Norwegian motor ship was sunk while approaching the Hawaiian 
Isles.  The crew was rescued by naval vessels.  The Hawaiian 
area has otherwise been without incident.

Recent enemy bombing in the Philippine theatre has resulted in 
no damage to naval installations or ships.  Heavy weather in the 
North Atlantic hampers naval operations there.

Midway and Wake Islands continue to resist.

The above is based on reports up until noon today.

No. 9                                       DECEMBER 16, 1941

Two islands in the Hawaiian area have been shelled by Japanese 
war vessels within the last 24 hours.  The naval outpost of 
Johnston Island figured for the first time in Pacific 
action.  It was bombarded by ships of the enemy at dusk.  On the 
northeastern coast of the island of Maui, the shipping center of 
Kahului was shelled by an enemy submarine at about the same 
time.  Damage in both instances is believed to be slight.  Naval 
operations are continuing against the enemy.

Wake Island has sustained two additional bombing attacks.  The 
first occurred in the afternoon, the second in the evening.  The 
first attack was light, the second heavy.

Wake and Midway are countering the blows of the enemy.

No. 10                                     DECEMBER 17, 1941

It has been established that there were no injuries to personnel 
in the weak attack on Johnston Island reported yesterday.  The 
naval situation in the Atlantic remains quiet.

No. 11                                     DECEMBER 18, 1941

The Navy Department issued the following communiqué, on the 
naval situation as of noon today:

Atlantic Area.

The naval situation has been without incident.  Heavy weather 
continues in the western Atlantic.

Eastern Pacific.

There are no new developments to report.

Central Pacific.

There are no new developments to report.

Far East.

Submarine actions against enemy forces in the Far East have 
resulted in the sinking of an enemy transport and the probable 
loss of one enemy destroyer.

No. 12                                     DECEMBER 19, 1941

The Navy Department issued the following communiqué, on the 
naval situation as of 9 a. m. today:

Atlantic Theater.

There are no new developments to report.

Eastern Pacific.

There are no new developments to report.

Central Pacific.

There have been two additional air attacks by the enemy on Wake 
Island.  The first occurred on the night of the 17th-18th and 
was comparatively light.  The second was in greater force and 
occurred in the forenoon of the 19th.  Wake Island continues to 
counter these blows. 

Far East.

There are no new developments to report.

No. 13                                       DECEMBER 20, 1941

The Navy Department issued the following communiqué‚ on the 
naval situation as of 9 a. m. (e. s. t.) today:

Atlantic Theater.

There are no new developments to report.

Eastern Pacific.

There are no new developments to report.

Central Pacific.

There are no new developments to report.

Far East.

A U. S. submarine sank an additional enemy transport.  Cavite 
sustained a heavy bombing raid at noon of the 19th.  This raid 
caused some damage to property, but only light casualties to our 
own forces and civilian personnel.

No. 14                                     DECEMBER 21, 1941

The Navy Department issued the following communiqué, on the 
naval situation as of noon today:

Atlantic Theater.

There are indications of enemy submarine activity off the East 
Coast of the United States.

Eastern Pacific.

Enemy submarines have been active along the west coast of the 
United States.  The S. S. Agwiworld was shelled by an enemy 
submarine.

The S. S. Emidio was also shelled and then torpedoed.  The crew 
abandoned ship and took to the lifeboats.  Three lifeboats were 
destroyed by submarine gunfire.  Thirty-two survivors have been 
rescued.  There were 54 in the crew.

Central Pacific.

Wake Island has sustained two additional attacks by enemy 
aircraft. 

Far East.

The enemy made a light air attack on Cavite.  Only slight damage 
resulted.

No. 15                                     DECEMBER 22, 1941

The Navy Department issued the following communiqué‚ on the 
naval situation as of noon (e. s. t.) today:

Atlantic Theater.

There are no new developments to report.

Eastern Pacific.

The S. S. Samoa was attacked by an unknown submarine off the 
coast of California during the night of December 20.  The attack 
was made at close range, and consisted of gunfire followed by 
the discharge of a torpedo.  All shots missed their mark.  The 
torpedo exploded in the vicinity of the ship.  There were no 
casualties or damage to the Samoa.

Central Pacific.

Thirty survivors of the S. S. Lahaina have landed at Kahului on 
the island of Maui.  The Lahaina was shelled and sunk by an 
enemy submarine on December 11 while en route to San 
Francisco.  Two of the crew are dead and two are missing.

There has been no enemy activity in the vicinity of Midway 
Island recently.

Far East.

There are no new developments to report.

No. 16                                     DECEMBER 23, 1941

The Navy Department issued the following communiqué, on the 
naval situation based on reports received up to 9 a. m. (e. s. 
t.) today:

Atlantic Theater.

There are no new developments to report.

Eastern Pacific.

Two U. S. merchant ships were attacked by enemy submarines off 
the Pacific Coast.  Both attacks were unsuccessful.

Central Pacific.

Wake Island sustained another strong air attack in the forenoon 
of the 22d.  Several enemy planes were shot down.  An enemy 
force effected a landing on Wake the morning of the 23d.

Far East.

Japanese claims of seizure of a large number of American 
merchant vessels are without foundation.  The only U. S. 
merchant vessel known to have been seized by the Japanese is the 
S. S. President Harrison.

No. 17                                     DECEMBER 24, 1941

The Navy Department issued the following communiqué, on the 
naval situation based on reports received up to 9 a. m. (e. s. 
t.) today:

Atlantic Theater.

There are no new developments to report.

Eastern Pacific.

The S. S. Larry Doheny was shelled by an enemy submarine, but 
reached port safely.  Press reports of the sinking of the S. 
S. Montebello are confirmed.

Central Pacific.

Radio communication with Wake has been severed and the capture 
of the island is probable.  Two enemy destroyers were lost in 
the final landing operations.

Palmyra Island was shelled by an enemy submarine.  Damage was 
negligible.  There were no casualties.  Johnston Island was also 
shelled by an enemy submarine with no damage to material and no 
casualties resulting.

The Hawaiian area was quiet.

Far East.

There are no new developments to report.

No. 18                                     DECEMBER 26, 1941

The Navy Department issued the following communiqué, on the 
naval situation based on reports received up to 9 a. m. (e. s. 
t.) today:

Far East.

Press reports of U. S. submarine activities in the Far East on 
Christmas Day are confirmed.  A dispatch from Admiral Hart 
states that one enemy transport and one mine sweeper have been 
sunk.  An additional transport and one seaplane tender are 
probably sunk.

Manila has been declared an open city as defined in Hague 
Convention (IV) of 1907, Annex, Article 25.  Our forces have 
complied with the stipulations of that convention.

Central Pacific.

Enemy reports that 3,000 naval and marine personnel were engaged 
in the defense of Wake Island are incorrect.  The total strength 
of the garrison was less than 400 officers and men. There were 
approximately 1,000 civilians engaged in construction work on 
the island, which may account for the enemy statement that 1,400 
prisoners were captured. 

Eastern Pacific.

Naval operations against enemy submarines are being vigorously 
prosecuted.

There is nothing to report from other areas.

No. 19                                     DECEMBER 27, 1941

The Navy Department issued the following communiqué, on the 
naval situation based on reports received up to noon (e. s. t.) 
today:

Far East.

During enemy bombing attacks two of our destroyers sustained 
minor damage.  There were no casualties to personnel.

Eastern Pacific.

Enemy submarines still are operating in the West Coast shipping 
lanes.  Due to the effective countermeasures adopted by our 
forces they arc experiencing great difficulty in prosecuting 
their attacks.

Central Pacific.

Countermeasures against enemy submarines patrolling in the 
Hawaiian area are being vigorously prosecuted.

Atlantic Theater.

There are no new developments to report.

No. 20                                     DECEMBER 29, 1941

The Navy Department issued the following communiqué, on the 
naval situation based on reports received up to 9 a. m. (e. s. 
t.) today:

Far East.

U. S. submarines have sunk two additional ships of the 
enemy.  One was a transport, the other a supply vessel.
During enemy air operations one of our destroyers was 
attacked.  Slight damage and minor casualties resulted.

Central Pacific.

Thirteen survivors of the S. S. Prusa, torpedoed by an enemy 
submarine on December i8, have been rescued.

There is nothing to report from other areas.

No. 21                                     DECEMBER 30, 1941

The Navy Department issued the following communiqué, on the 
naval situation based on reports received up to noon today:

Far East.

Submarine operations against enemy surface craft are 
continuing.  Reports that a U. S. destroyer and two of our 
submarines were sunk in the period December 26-28 are without 
foundation.

Central Pacific.

The situation in respect to Midway Island remains 
unchanged.  There have been no further attacks since last 
reported.

Eastern Pacific.

Japanese vessels are suspected of being in the vicinity of 
Kodiak.  All merchant vessels have been warned.

There is nothing to report from other areas.

No. 22                                     DECEMBER 31, 1941

The Navy Department issued the following communiqué, on the 
naval situation based on reports received up to noon (e. s. t.) 
today:

Central Pacific.

The naval situation in respect to Maui, Johnston, and Palmyra 
Islands remains unchanged.  There have been no further attacks 
since last reported.

There is nothing to report from other areas.

NOTE.-The Navy makes no claims of enemy losses, except when 
borne out by positive evidence.  The Navy will not indulge in 
the common enemy practice of estimating losses, but will report 
only such facts as can be substantiated.


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