|Length Overall||348' 4"|
|Extreme Beam:||36' 1'|
|Standard Displacement tons
Normal Displacement tonsl:
|Ships Company:||Off. 16; Enl.: 240|
|Armament:||Primary: (4) 5"/38 cal. DP|
|Armament:||Secondary: (2) 40mm twin
|Armament:||Torpedo Tubes: (1) 21" quint.
ASW: (6) DCP
|Designed Speed:||37.5 knots|
|Designed Shaft Horse Power:||50,000 shp|
|Fuel (oil) tons||450|
COMMANDER IN CHIEF U.S. PACIFIC FLEET SERIAL 00554 February 18, 1943 Solomon Island Campaign - Battle of the Solomons 11-15 November 1942 A16-3/L11 November 26, 1942. From: Senior Surviving Officer, U.S.S. BARTON (DD599). To : Commander South Pacific Force. Via : Commander Destroyer Squadron TWELVE. Subject: U.S.S. BARTON (DD599), Report of Action of November 12-13, 1942. 1. U.S.S. BARTON (DD599) was assigned to Task Force 67.4. Its composition was as follows: GROUP ONE: CUSHING, LAFFEY, STERRETT, O'BANNON. GROUP TWO: SAN FRANCISCO, ATLANTA, PORTLAND, HELENA, JUNEAU. GROUP THREE: ARRON WARD, BARTON, MONSSEN, FLETCHER. 2. When the action began our forces were in column in the following battle order: CUSHING, LAFFEY, STERRETT, O'BANNON, ATLANTA, SAN FRANCISCO, PORTLAND, HELENA, JUNEAU, ARRON WARD, BARTON, MONSSEN, FLETCHER. Synopsis of events as observed by Senior Surviving Officer whose battle station was at secondary conn and whose factual information concerning times, tactics, and observed damage to the enemy is thereby necessarily limited. Our forces were on a sweep through LENGO Channel and searching area bounded by GUADALCANAL,SAVO and FLORIDA Islands at speed of 18 knots in single column. At about 0130 word was received over phones at secondary conn of enemy forces in the immediate vicinity. All hands were at this time put on the alert at battle stations. Without further notification and at approximately 0145 the leading ships of our column were observed to commence firing to port. Several batteries of searchlights on apparently large enemy ships were trained on our unit from that side. The BARTON immediately opened fire with the forward two 5" guns to port, and continued firing rapidly, expending approximately 60 rounds. The after battery opened fire to port a few seconds later, and fired approximately 10 per gun; then became silent and could not be brought to bear on enemy ships. The BARTON was observed to change course to port, moving closer to the enemy column, and was seen to launch one torpedo in the general direction of the leading enemy ship, following a few seconds later by the other four. It was not observed by the writer whether hits were scored on the target or not. After about 7 minutes of continued firing the BARTON had stopped to avoid collision with an unidentified friendly ship ahead when one torpedo, evidently from enemy column to the right, struck the forward fire room on the starboard side. A few seconds later a second torpedo struck the forward engine room and the ship broke in two and sank in approximately 10 seconds. Survivors from the BARTON are few and the total number is not known at the time. It is estimated that 40 enlisted men and 2 officers are all that remain. Of the enlisted survivors, approximately all were 5" gun crews from Nos. 1,3 and 4 guns and machine gunners on the after deck house. Two men only are known to have escaped from the interior of the ship. Of the officer survivors both were stationed on the after deck house. One, Lieutenant (jg) WILBUR EMANUEL QUINT, O-V(G), U.S.N.R. was machine gun control officer, and the other, Lieutenant (jg) HARLOWE MNNING WHITE, D-V(G), U.S.N.R., the writer of this letter, was secondary control officer at secondary conn. The majority of the survivors were wounded by fragments and burned; some near the fireroom being burned by steam. Shortly after the BARTON's destruction, one of our destroyers came through the group of survivors at high speed. It is know to have injured several, and more were injured by depth charge explosions in the vicinity. Survivors were picked up by rescue crews from the PORTLAND and in Higgin's boats from GUADALCANAL. It is believed that a few reached GUADALCANAL by swimming ashore. Their fate or whereabouts is unknown. Harlowe M. White, Lieut. (jg) D-V(G), U.S.N.R.