Class: Gleaves
Commissioned 02/11/1941
Length Overall 348' 3"
Extreme Beam: 36' 1"
Standard Displacement tons
Normal Displacement tonsl:
Max Draft:
Mean Draft;
17' 5"
11' 10"
Ships Company: Off. 16; Enl.: 260
Armament: Primary: (5) 5"/38 cal. DP
Armament: Secondary: (6) .5
(6) 20mm
Armament: Torpedo Tubes: (10) 21" quint.
ASW: (2) DCP
Designed Speed: 37.4 knots
Designed Shaft Horse Power: 50,000 shp
Screws: 2
Engine Manufacturer: Westinghouse
Type: Turbine
Fuel (oil) tons 450 - 500

WAR DIARY of the USS BUCHANAN Nov.1 to 30, 1942

Action Report on the Night of Nov. 11-12, 1942" of USS BUCHANAN

CONFIDENTIAL WARDIARY U.S.S. BUCHANAN (DD484) From: November 1, 1942 To: November 30, 1942


G.C.T.    L.W.T.
November 1, 1942
Oct. 31
1300       0000         Steaming in company with Task Group 64.4, 62.6.1, and 62.6.2 
                        under command of Rear Admiral Callaghan (Comtaskfor 64).
                        Ships in company:
                           SAN FRANCISCO (Flag)                       McKEAN
                           HUNTER LIGGET                              MANLEY
                           PRESIDENT HAYES
                        Enroute Guadalcanal Island, Solomon Islands.

1748       0448         Sighted Meralay Island bearing 000°T, distance about 12 miles.

1913       0613         Sighted Gana Island, bearing 340°T, distance about 16 miles.

2100       0800         Ship's position:     Lat.   14° 30'S.
                                             Long. 167° 15'E.
G.C.T.    L.W.T.
Nov. 1
0100       1200         Ship's position:     Lat.   14° 01'S.
                                             Long. 166° 31'E.

0900       2000         Ship's position:     Lat.   12° 47'S.
                                             Long. 165° 14'E.

G.C.T.    L.W.T.
November 2, 1942
Nov. 1
2100       0800         Ship's position:     Lat.   10° 56'S.
                                             Long. 163° 23'E.
G.C.T.    L.W.T.
Nov. 2
0100       1200         Ship's position:     Lat.   10° 09'S.
                                             Long. 163° 25'E.

0500       1600         Units in company designated Task Force 65 under command Rear 
                        Admiral Callaghan in SAN FRANCISCO by ComSoPac dispatch 291002 of 
                        October 1942.  Oplan C-1 of Task Force 65 became effective.  
                        BUCHANAN in support Group, Task Group 65.4.

0630       1730         Task Group 61.9 joined and reported for duty with Task Force 65 
                        as Task Group unit, composed of:

0725       1825         Went alongside SAN FRANCISCO and obtained radio message for 
                        transmittal upon getting well clear of formation to eastward.

0730       1825         Left formation to carry out orders of Commander Task Force 65.

0900       2000         Ship's position:     Lat.   10° 13'S.
                                             Long. 162° 44'E.

0925       2025         Ordered to rejoin Task Force formation without transmitting radio 
                        message.  Commenced steaming to rejoin.
G.C.T.    L.W.T.
November 3, 1942
Nov. 2
1437       0137         Rejoined Task Force 65 formation and took position in screen.  
                        Transport groups and destroyer screen present.

2100       0800         Ship's position:     Lat.   11° 08'S.
                                             Long. 163° 55'E.
G.C.T.    L.W.T.
Nov. 3
0100       1200         Ship's position:     Lat.   10° 38'S.
                                             Long. 163° 16'E.

0300       1400         Cruiser groups and screening destroyers rejoined Task Force 
                        formation Task Group 65.3 joined formation.  This group consisted 
                           ATLANTA          BENHAM
                           AARON WARD       LARDNER

0310       1410         Sighted Santa Ana Island, bearing 256°T.

0405       1505         Took position with Task Group 65.4 screen.  Ships in Task Group: 

0425       1525         Sighted San Cristobal Island, bearing 345°T.

0555       1655         Sighted Ulawa Island, bearing 315°T.

0900       2000         Ship's position:     Lat.    9° 54' 30S.
                                             Long. 161° 50'E.
G.C.T.    L.W.T.
November 4, 1942
Nov. 3
1700       0400         Units of Task Force proceeded to position for landing operations 
                        on Guadalcanal Island.  Task Group 65.4 commenced patrolling in 
                        Indispensable Strait, north and east of Sealark Channel, to cover 

1915       0615         Entered Sealark Channel.  Task Group 65.4 proceeded to area 
                        between Guadalcanal and Florida Islands.

2030       0730         Task Group 65.4 commenced patrolling area north of Guadalcanal 
                        Island to cover landing operations.

2100       0800         Ship's position:     Lat.    9° 21'S.
                                             Long. 160° 00'E.
G.C.T.    L.W.T.
Nov 4
0100       1200         Ship's position:     Lat.    9° 19'S.
                                             Long. 160° 05'E.

0700       1800         Retired to Indispensable Strait via Sealark Channel.

0740       1840         Task Group 65.4 commenced patrolling north and east of Sealark 

0900       2000         Ship's position:     Lat.    9° 16'S.
                                             Long. 160° 49'E.
G.C.T.    L.W.T.
November 5, 1942
Nov. 4
1300       0000         Continued patrolling in Indispensable Strait to screen landing 
                        group at Aola Bay, Guadalcanal/

2100       0800         Ship's position:     Lat.    9° 30'S.
                                             Long. 160° 44'E.

G.C.T.    L.W.T.
Nov 5
0100       1200         Ship's position:     Lat.    9° 28'S.
                                             Long. 160° 31'E.

0900       2000         Ship's position:     Lat.    9° 21'S.
                                             Long. 160° 44'E.

G.C.T.    L.W.T.
November 6, 1942
Nov. 5
1630       0330         Task Group 65.4 commenced retirement from Guadalcanal Island 
                        area, landing operations having been completed.     

1837       0537         Sighted San Cristobal Island, bearing 050°T.

2100       0800         Ship's position:     Lat.    9° 53'S.
                                             Long. 161° 38'E.

2130       0830         Sighted Aliiti Island, bearing 145°T, distance about 18 miles.

Nov. 6
0100       1200         Ship's position:     Lat.   10° 13'S.
                                             Long. 162° 38'E.

0900       2000         Ship's position:     Lat.   11° 52'S.
                                             Long. 163° 03'E.

G.C.T.    L.W.T.
November 7, 1942
Nov. 6
2100       0800         Ship's position:     Lat.   14° 00'S.
                                             Long. 163° 17'E.

Nov. 7
0100       1200         Ship's position:     Lat.   14° 10'S.
                                             Long. 164° 14'E.

0900       2000         Ship's position:     Lat.   14° 25'S.
                                             Long. 166° 20'E.

G.C.T.    L.W.T.
November 8, 1942
Nov. 7
1755       0455         Task Group 65.4 commenced entering Segond Channel, Espiritu Santo 
                        Island, New Hebrides. Destroyers patrolling to cover entrance of 

1850       0500         Destroyers of Task Group entered port.

1908       0608         Passed between Bogaccio and Tutuba Island.

1954       0654         Moored port side to STERRETT, alongside starboard side of 
                        Lackawanna in Segond Channel, Espiritu Santo, New Hebrides.  
                        Ships present:
                           U.S.S. ALDEBARAN                       AARON WARD
                                  ROAMER                          BUCHANAN
                                  BETELGUESE                      LARDNER
                                  GUADALUPE                       McCALLA
                                  LACKAWANNA                      MEADE
                                  ZEILIN                          SOUTHARD
                                  BARNETT                         ROSEWOOD
                                  FULLER                          WALKE
                                  HUNTER LIGGETT                  ANDERSON
                                  STRATFORD                       MUSTIN
                                  CURTISS                         NEVILLE
                                  TANGIER                         HEYWOOD
                                  MACKINAC                        FOMALHAUT
                                  NAVAJO                          P.C. 476
                                  SAN FRANCISCO
                              S.S.PHILIP H. SHERIDAN
                                  SANTA ANNA
                                  LIPSCOMB LYKES.

G.C.T.    L.W.T.
November 8, 1942
Nov. 7
                        Task Force 65 as constituted abolished and new task force 65 
                        established by Comsopac dispatch 061232 of November, 1942.  New 
                        Task Force 65 constituted as follow:
                           SAN FRANCISCO (Flag-Rear-Adm. Callaghan)

2020       0720         Fueled ship from LACKAWAANNA.

2251       0951         Underway to shift berths.

2332       1032         Task Group 67.4 present designated by ComSoPac dispatch 072332 of 
                        November, 1942, constituted as follows:
                           SAN FRANCISCO (Flag - Rear Adm. Callaghan)
                        To operate under Comtaskfor 67 Oplan 23-42.  Comtaskfor 67 - Rear 
                        Adm. Turner in McCAWLEY.  Additional ships designated by 
                        Comtaskfor 67 Oplan 23-42 to become part of Task Group 67.4 upon 

0022       1122         Anchored in berth C-2, Segond Channel, Espiritu Santo Island, New 

0500       1600         Received one replacement torpedo and warhead from CONYNGHAM, 
                        completing allowance of five torpedoes.

G.C.T.    L.W.T.
November 9, 1942
0000       1100         Commenced dragging anchor.  Prepared to get underway to shift

0019       1119         Underway to shift berths.

0029       1129         Anchored  on south side of Segond Channel on following anchor
                           Wharf   308°T.
                           Beacon  343°T.
                           Front Beacon, Belchif Pt.  018°T.

G.C.T.    L.W.T.
November 10, 1942
Nov. 9
1820       0520         Got underway for sea in accordance with previous signal from 
                        ComTask Group 67.4.

1905       0605         Passed between Bogaccio and Tutuba Islands, commenced patrolling 
                        to cover sortie of Task Group 67.4.

1955       0655         Task Group 67.4 formed cruising disposition.
                        Ships in company:
                           SAN FRANCISCO (Flag-Rear Adm. Callaghan)
                           HELENA           BUCHANAN
                           PENSACOLA        PRESTON
                           LAFFEY           GWIN

2100       0800         Ship's position:     Lat.   15° 50'S.
                                             Long. 167° 07'E.

G.C.T.    L.W.T.
Nov 10
0100       1200         Ship's position:     Lat.   15° 23'S.
                                             Long. 166° 09'E.

0630       1730         PENSACOLA, PRESTON and GWIN left formation to proceed on duty 

0900       2000         Ship's position:     Lat.   14° 11'S.
                                             Long. 164° 36'E.

G.C.T.    L.W.T.
November 11, 1942
Nov. 10
2100       0800         Ship's position:     Lat.   11° 19'S.
                                             Long. 162° 59'E.
                        CUSHING joined Task Group 67.4.

2200       0900         Joined transport groups of Task Group 67 and Task Group 62.4.  
                        Task Group 67.4 assumed station to screen transport groups.  
                        Force operating under command of Commander Task Force 67 (Rear 
                        Admiral turner in McCAWLEY).

G.C.T.     L.W.T.
Nov 11
0001       1101         Sighted San Cristobal Island bearing 330°T, distance about 25 

0100       1200         Ship's position:     Lat.   11° 10'S.
                                             Long. 162° 33'E.

0130       1230         Task Group 67.4 formed striking force and proceeded toward 
                        Guadalcanal island area to scout for and strike enemy surface 

0550       1650         Sighted Guadalcanal Island bearing 310°T, distance about 35 

0900       2000         Ship's position:     Lat.    9° 29'S.
                                             Long. 160° 52'E.

0906       2006         Formed battle disposition, column with destroyers in van, 
                        cruisers, and destroyers in rear.  BUCHANAN leading destroyers in 
                        van, followed by CUSHING, LAFFEY, STERRETT, SAN FRANCISCO, 

1007       2107         Sighted S.E. corner of Florida Island, bearing 318°T, distance 
                        about 15 miles.

1058       2158         Entered Sealark Channel east entrance.

1100       2200         Passed Nugu Island abeam Starboard, distance about 1.5 miles.

1201       2301         Commenced searching area between Guadalcanal, Florida, and Savo 
                        Islands for enemy forces.

G.C.T.    L.W.T.
November 12, 1942
Nov. 11
1300       0000         Continued search for enemy forces.

1830       0530         Took station to screen transport groups, which arrived through 
                        Lengo Channel, off Lunga point, Guadalcanal Island.

1846       0546         Made underway sound contact on possible submarine at distance of 
                        700 yards.

1849       0549         Fired standard depth charge barrage.  Results indeterminate.            
                        Continued to screen transport groups during unloading operations.

2100       0800         Ship's position:     Lat.    9° 21'S.
                                             Long. 160° 00'E.

G.C.T.     L.W.T.
Nov 12
0100       1200         Ship's position:     Lat.    9° 20'S.
                                             Long. 159° 58'E.
                        BUCHANAN directed to assist CUSHING in destruction of enemy 
                        landing boats on beach in area to westward of beachhead on 
                        Guadalcanal Island.  Proceeded to position for shore bombardment.

0121       1221         Commenced firing on boats and targets of opportunity.

0220       1320         Ordered to return to transport area to screen transports against 
                        impeding air attack.  Ceased firing, having expended 441 rounds 
                        5"-38 caliber common, 10 rounds 5"-38 caliber illuminating, and 
                        313 rounds 20m.m. machine gun ammunition.  CUSHING and BUCHANAN 
                        destroyed about 30 landing boats and set several small supply 
                        dumps on fire.  There were no material or personnel casualties.

0243       1343         Resumed station in transport screen, all ships underway and 
                        maneuvering to minimize danger from, and to repel, enemy air 

0310       1410         Sighted large force of Japanese twin-engined torpedo and bombing 
                        planes, escorted by fighters, distance about 10 miles.  Planes 
                        broke up into small groups and commenced attack from starboard 
                        side of formation.

0314       1414         Opened fire with main battery and machine guns on enemy planes.

0316       1416         Struck by 5" shell in number two stack.  This projectile exploded 
                        tearing a large hole in starboard side of stack and destroying 
                        number 3 20 m.m. machine gun.  One officer and four enlisted 
                        personnel were killed and eight enlisted personnel wounded, one 
                        seriously.  Considerable damage done to torpedo mount and ship's 
                        upper works by shrapnel.  At about the same time, 5-20 mm machine 
                        gun was hits were received on port side.  All exploded on impact 
                        with no damage to personnel or material.  All of these 
                        projectiles were apparently fired by own forces.  Ship was also 
                        struck at this time by one or more small-calibre machine gun 
                        bullets from tail gun of Japanese plane crossing ahead under fire 
                        of own and neighboring ships. 

0322       1422         Ceased fire.  Japanese planes all destroyed or withdrawn from ea 
                        with heavy losses.  About twenty twin-engined torpedo planes were 
                        destroyed by  antiaircraft fire from surface ships and by fire 
                        from friendly fighter planes.  One plane crashed aboard SAN 
                        FRANCISCO, causing damage and casualties to that vessel.  
                        Expended 111 rounds 5"-38 calibre common, 97 rounds 1".1 machine 
                        gun, and 222 rounds 20-m.m. machine gun ammunition.  There were 
                        13 personnel casualties as follows:
                           KILLES IN ACTION (5" HIT ON STACK?)
                             Ensign John W. Banta, D-V(G), U.S.N.R.
                             CORNONI, Andrew (None), 606-30-24, S1c, V6, USNR.
                             Fuller, Raymond, B., 622-05-26, SC3c, V6, USNR.
                             MULLALY, Leo G., 606-31-48, F3c, V-6, USNR.
                             ZAHOREC, Stephen P., 650-22-12, S2c, V-6, USNR.

                           WOUNDED IN ACTION (shrapnel from 5" hit on stack)
                             CRONIN, Joseph L., 200-51-28, CTM(PA), USN.
                             CHAMBERS, Alto J., 311-61-65, F2c, USN.
                             GARRIS, Ollie B. Jr., 262-89-52, EM3c, USN.
                             KOSKO, Robert P., 650-14-39, MM2c, V-6, USNR.
                             SCHILLING, Erwin H., 337-15-75, GM3c, USN.
                             SCHULER, Lou E., 258-43-65, S1c, USN.
                             WICKHAM, John K., 200-38-48, TM2c, V-6, USNR.
                           WOUNDED IN ACTION (machine gun bullet from enemy plane).
                             OGLIARO, Renzo J., 402-51-23, QM2c, O-1, USNR.

                           Material Damage Received:
                             Hole 8' x 6' in after stack.
                             #3-20m.m. machine and mount damaged beyond repair.
                             Torpedo mount electrical connections severed, three barrel 
                               doors damaged, one torpedo tail assembly damaged.
                             Miscellaneous shrapnel damage to #1 stack, flag bags, ready 
                               ammunition boxes, electrical leads to mast, after bulkhead 
                               and overhead of electrical workshop, stanchions, torpedo 
                               handling crane, etc.

0530       1630         Ship directed to proceed to northeast of Savo Island to pick up 
                        enemy aviation personnel in water.  Proceeded to area accompanied 
                        by cruiser scouting plane.

0630       1730         Sighted four Japanese in water.  Picked up two but directed plane 
                        to destroy remaining two in view of their refusal to be picked 
                        up, the possibility of submarine attack, and the necessity of 
                        rejoining formation prior to darkness.

0650       1750         Held funeral services for one officer and four enlisted personnel 
                        killed in action in lat. 9° 14' S, Long. 159° 58' E.

0745       1845         Rejoined transport group, reported for duty in their screen in 
                        accordance with previous signal from Commander Task Force 67, and 
                        commenced retirement from area in company via Lengo Channel.  In 
                        company McCAWLEY, PRES. JACKSON, LIBRA, BETELGEUSE, PRES. HAYES, 
                        SOUTHARD, HOVEY.

0900       2000         Ship's position:     Lat.    9° 23'S.
                                             Long. 160° 21'E.

G.C.T.    L.W.T.
November 13, 1942
Nov. 12
2100       0800         Ship's position:     Lat.    11° 20'S.
                                             Long.  162° 07'E.

G.C.T.     L.W.T.
Nov 13                  
0100       1200         Ship's position:     Lat.    12° 04'S.
                                             Long.  162° 37'E.

0900       2000         Ship's position:     Lat.    13° 08'S.
                                             Long.  163° 43'E.

G.C.T.    L.W.T.
November 14, 1942
Nov. 13
2045       0745         Sighted Espiritu Santo Island bearing 130°T.

2100       0800         Ship's position:     Lat.    14° 20'S.
                                             Long.  166° 09'E.

2116       0816         Sighted Task Group 67.4 bearing 025°T, distance about 15 miles.

2200       0900         On signal from Commander Task Force 67 left transport group to 
                        join Task Group 67.4.

Nov 14                  
0100       1200         Ship's position:     Lat.    14° 39'S.
                                             Long.  167° 05'E.

0130       1230         Took position in Task Group 67.4 formation, proceeding to Segond 
                        Channel, Espiritu Santo Island, New Hebrides.  Ships in company:
                           HELENA (O.T.C.)
                           SAN FRANCISCO

0510       1610         Passed between Bogaccio and Tutuba Island.

0518       1618         Entered Segond Channel.

0554       1654         Moored port side to GUADALUPE in SEGOND CHANNEL, Espiritu Santo 
                        Island, New Hebrides.  Ships Present:
                           U.S.S. CURTISS (Comairsopac - SOPA)           GUADALUPE
                                  SAN FRANCISCO                          NASSAU
                                  HELENA                                 TAPPAHANNOCK
                                  STERRETT                               FOMALHAUT
                                  FLETCHER                               TANGIER
                                  O'BANNON                               ZEILIN
                                  BUCHANAN                               ROSEWOOD
                                  STACK                             S.S. CYNGUS
                                  LARDNER                                SANTA ANA
                                  AYLWIN                                 LIPSCOMB LYKES
                                  WILKES                                 DEL BASIL
                                  DELPHINEAS                             PHILIP SHERIDAN
                                  HEYWOOD                                JAN ADAMS
                                                                         WILLIAM WHIPPLE
                                                                         ABRAHAM CLARK

November 14, 1942
0605       1705         Fueled from GUADALUPE.

G.C.T.    L.W.T.
November 15, 1942
Nov. 14
1904       0604         Underway to shift berths.

1935       0635         Moored starboard side to FLETCHER in berth D-1 Segond Channel 
                        Espiritu Santo Island, New Hebrides.

                        Following ships stood in:
                           U.S.S. McCAWLEY
                                  PRESIDENT JACKSON
                                  PRESIDENT ADAMS
                                  CRESCENT CITY

2037       0737         Transferred Japanese prisoners to McCAWLEY.

2325       1025         U.S.S. SOLACE stood in.

Nov 15                  
0000       1100         Following ships stood in:
                           S.S. JOAQUIN MILLER
                           H.M.S. MAITA
                           U.S.S. PC476

G.C.T.    L.W.T.
November 16, 1942
Nov. 15
1827       0527         U.S.S. SOUTHARD got underway and stood out.

Nov 16                  
0320       1420         U.S.S. SHAW and NICHOLAS got underway and stood out.

0335       1435         U.S.S. SOLACE got underway and stood out.

0400       1500         Following ships stood in:
                           U.S.S. NORTHAMPTON

0622       1722         Formed Task Group 62.7 consisting of HELENA, SAN FRANCISCO,
                        STERRETT, BUCHANAN in accordance with Comtaskfor dispatch 160622 
                        of November, 1942.

G.C.T.    L.W.T.
November 17, 1942
Nov. 16
1900       0600         Following ships got underway and stood out:
                           U.S.S. O'BANNON
                                  PRESIDENT JACKSON
                                  PRESIDENT ADAMS
                                  CRESCENT CITY

2008       0708         U.S.S. SHAW and NICHOLAS stood in.

G.C.T.    L.W.T.
November 18, 1942
Nov. 17
2040       0740         U.S.S. VESTAL stood in.

2101       0801         Underway to shift berths.

2110       0810         Anchored in Segond Channel with anchorage bearings : Store pier 
                        273°T., Black Rock Pt. 113°T., Belchif Pt. 226°.  

Nov 18
0120       1220         Transferred four (4) torpedoes with warheads (complete) to 

0200       1300         HMS LEANDER stood in.

0430       1530         Underway in company with Task Group 62.7 for Noumea, New 
                        Caledonia.  Ships in company:
                           U.S.S. HELENA (O.T.C.)          BUCHANAN
                           SAN FRANCISCO                   GWIN
                        Movement ordered by HELENA dispatch 180013 of November, 1942.

G.C.T.    L.W.T.
November 18, 1942
0449       1549         Stood out of Segond Channel.

0900       2000         Ship's position:     Lat.    16° 08'S.
                                             Long.  166° 50'E.

G.C.T.    L.W.T.
November 19, 1942
Nov. 18
2100       0800         Ship's position:     Lat.    19° 22'S.
                                             Long.  167° 44'E.

Nov. 19
0100       1200         Ship's position:     Lat.    20° 25'S.
                                             Long.  168° 07'E.

0640       1740         Sighted Mare Island bearing 280°T.

0900       2000         Ship's position:     Lat.    22° 09'S.
                                             Long.  168° 28'E.

G.C.T.    L.W.T.
November 20, 1942
Nov. 19
2040       0740         Commenced entering port of Noumea, New Caledonia.

2100       0800         Ship's position:     Lat.    22° 29' 30"S.
                                             Long.  166° 27' 45"E.

2306       1006         Moored starboard side to STERRETT and S.S. J. C. McDONALD in 
                        berth 24, Dumba Bay, Noumea, New Caledonia.
                        Ships present:
                           U.S.S. WASHINGTON                      ANTARES
                                  SOUTH DAKOTA     
                                  ENTERPRISE                 S.S. ROBIN WINTLY
                                  SAN FRANCISCO                   MONTGOMERY
                                  HELENA                          HAWAIIAN PLANTER
                                  SAN DIEGO                       PANAIR
                                  STACK                           ORNE
                                  DALE                            FAIR ISLE
                                  CONYNGHAM                       ESSO RICHMOND
                                  O'BANNON                        CYRUS McCORMICK
                                  STERRETT                        E. J. HENRY
                                  BUCHANAN                        MANTILES
                                  GWIN                            J. C. McDONALD
                                  HUNTER LIGGETT
                                  CRESCENT CITY
                                  PRESIDENT JACKSON
                                  PRESIDENT ADAMS

2350       1050         Fueled from S.S. J. C. McDONALD.

Nov. 20
0145       1245         Underway to shift berths.

0224       1324         Moored in nest alongside of port side WHITNEY in berth A-3, Great
                        Roads, Noumea, New Caledonia for repairs to battle damage and 
                        ship's overhaul and upkeep.

November 21, 1942       Continued repairs, overhaul, and upkeep.

November 22, 1942       Continued repairs, overhaul, and upkeep.

November 23, 1942       Continued repairs, overhaul, and upkeep.

November 24, 1942       Continued repairs, overhaul, and upkeep.

November 25, 1942       Continued repairs, overhaul, and upkeep.

November 26, 1942       Continued repairs, overhaul, and upkeep.

November 27, 1942       Continued repairs, overhaul, and upkeep.

November 28, 1942       Continued repairs, overhaul, and upkeep.

November 29, 1942       Continued repairs, overhaul, and upkeep.

G.C.T.    L.W.T.
November 29, 1942       Continued repairs, overhaul, and upkeep.
Nov. 28
2345       1045         Received 47 rounds 5"-38 calibre illuminating projectiles, 599 
                        rounds 5"-38 calibre powder cartridges, 3Mk. 7 depth charges, and 
                        6 Mk. 6 depth charges from U.S.S. LASSEN.

G.C.T.    L.W.T.
November 30, 1942       Continued repairs, overhaul, and upkeep.
2144       0844         Fueled ship from U.S.S. WHITNEY.

                                                                   H. A. KNOERTZER,
                                                                   Lieut. Comdr., U.S.N.,

           RALPH E. WILSON,
           Commander, U.S.N.,



                                                              SERIAL 00133
                                                         NOVEMBER 14, 1942

DD484/A16-3                                                    14 November 1942
Serial 00133

From:          Commanding Officer.
To  :          Commander Task Force Sixty Seven.

Via :          (1) Commander Task Group Sixty Seven point four.
               (2) Commander Destroyer Division Ten.

Subject:       Report of Action Against Enemy - 12 November, 1942.

Reference:     (a) U.S. Navy Regulations, 1920, Article 712.
               (b) H. O. Chart No. 2916.

Enclosures:    (A) Report of Executive Officer, U.S.S. BUCHANAN.

    1.  In accordance with reference (a) the following report of action against the
enemy by this vessel on 12 November, 1942 is submitted:-

       (a) At 1200, while on station off Kokum, Guadalcanal, screening transports as 
       part of Task Group 67.4, received orders from Commander Task Force 67 to join 
       CUSHING off Tassafaronga, Guadalcanal, and assist that vessel in bombarding enemy 
       landing boats visible along the beach between Kokumbona and Tassafaronga.  
       Proceeded at 25 knots and at 1217 took station astern of CUSHING on course 310°T, 
       speed 15 knots, distance 2100 yards from beach.  At 1221 opened fire with main 
       battery on landing boats targets visible along the beach.  At 1228, following 
       motions of CUSHING turned to course 150°T and resumed fire at visible beach 
       targets.  Following motions of CUSHING continued firing while maneuvering at 
       fifteen knots on various courses on patrol approximately parallel to the beach 
       line between Tassafaronga and Kokumbona.  Direct hits were obtained by the two 
       ships on approximately twenty-five landing boats of various sizes.  One large 
       landing boat, apparently well stacked with gasoline, burned violently after being 
       hit.  A friendly, cruiser type, observation plane, continued to fly over the area 
       during the bombardment and assisted both ships by diving on suitable targets along 
       and slightly inshore from the beach.  Several fires were started a hundred yards 
       back from the beach in what appeared to be supply or equipment dumps.  When the 
       range closed to about 1500 yards, used the 1.1 and 20 m.m. machine guns on landing 
       boat targets.  At 1320 received word of Impending enemy air attack, ceased firing 
       and proceeded to rejoin transport at27 knots.  Ammunition expended: 441 rounds 5" 
       AA common, 10 rounds 5: AA illuminating, and 313 rounds 20 m.m. machine gun.  
       There were no material or personnel casualties.

       (b) At 1343 took station in anti-aircraft screen around transports on course 340°T 
       with SAN FRANCISCO bearing 130°T, distance 1000 yards, McCAWLEY bearing 145°T, 
       distance approximately 3000 yards, ATLANTA broad on port quarter, distance 
       approximately 1500 yards, SHAW broad on port bow, distance approximately 1000 
       yards.  Commenced maneuvering on various courses at speed 14 knots in accordance 
       with signals from OTC.  At 1405 maneuvered to close distance to transports by 
       taking station between SAN FRANCISCO and ATLANTA.  At 1410, while on course 250°T, 
       sighted formation of about twenty enemy torpedo planes, two points on the 
       starboard bow, distance 14,600 yards.  Planes descended to very low altitude and 
       commenced approach on formation.  At 1413 commenced firing at planes approaching 
       on starboard bow, range about 12000 yards.  At 1414, on signal, commenced changing 
       course to the right to 160°T.  Continued fire on approaching planes.

           At 1416 one enemy plane approaching from starboard at an elevation of about 50 
       feet, crossed about 100 yards ahead of this vessel and was seen to drop a torpedo 
       when about 300 yards away on the starboard bow.  The wake was not sighted but it 
       is believed this torpedo crossed ahead.  There was not sufficient time to 
       maneuver, although the ship was swinging to the new course.

           At this time (1416) BUCHANAN suffered a direct hit by a five inch shell on the 
       after side of number two stack.  This shell approached from a relative bearing of 
       about 200°.  At about the same time two hits from 20m.m. machine guns were 
       received, one at the base of the torpedo tube mount on the port side and one on 
       the port side of number two gun shield.  These machine gun hits resulted in only 
       minor damage.  The damage resulting from the five inch hit is covered in paragraph 

           At about 1419 on enemy plane passed closed aboard along the port side at an 
       elevation of about 50 feet.  This plane was taken under fire and hit by the port 
       machine gun battery.  As the plane drew ahead the ship was subjected to steady 
       fire from the tail machine gun.  A few hits resulted with no damage of any 
       consequence except for one bullet which struck the port wing of the bridge and 
       slightly injured one signalman.  
           Continued to fire main battery at planes retiring on port bow, one of which 
       was seen to go down as a result of shell fire.  At 1422 all planes out of range, 
       ceased firing.  Ammunition expended: 111 rounds 5" AA common, 97 rounds  1.1 
       machine gun, 222 rounds 20 m.m. machine gun.

    2. As a result of fire from various vessels in the formation it is estimated 
that about twelve enemy planes were shot down.  In addition several more were observed to 
be destroyed by our fighter planes which were operating well out, around the formation.

    3. Negligible damage to this vessel resulted from the machine gun fire of enemy 
planes although one man (included in summary below) was slightly wounded by a spent 
machine gun bullet.  The damage resulting from the direct 5" hit on number two stack, 
however, was extensive and summarized below: 

       (a) Personnel:
             (1) Killed

                 Ensign John William Banta, D-V(G), U.S.N.R.
                 CORNONI, Andrew, #606-30-24, Sea.1c, V6, I.S.N.R.
                 FULLER, Raymond Budworth, #622-05-26, SC3c, V6, USNR.
                 MULLALY, Leo Gordon, #606-31-48, F.3c, V-6, U.S.N.R.
                 ZAHOREC, Stephen Paul, #650-22-12, Sea.2c, V6, USNR.

             (2) Wounded:  
                 CHAMBERS, Alton Judson, #311-61-65, F.2c, U.S.N.
                           Shrapnel wound, right upper arm.
                 GARRIS, Ollie Benjamin, JR., #262-89-52, EM3c, USN
                           Shrapnel wound, right shoulder.
                 CRONIN, Joseph Leo, #200-51-28, CTM(PA), U.S.N.
                           Shrapnel wounds of face, upper arm, left
                           Shoulder, left side of abdomen.
                 SCHILLING, Erwin Herman, #337-15-75, GM3c, U.S.N.
                           Shrapnel wound right shoulder and right
                           Side of chin.
                 SCHULER, Luis Edward, #258-43-65, Sea.2c, U.S.N.
                           First degree burn, right thigh.
                 KOSKO, Robert Paul, #650-14-39, MM2c, V6, U.S.N.R.
                           Shrapnel wounds, right shoulder, small
                           Shrapnel wounds over large area of the 
                           Back and on the back of each leg.
                 WICKHAM, John Kenneth, #200-38-48, TM2c, V6, USNR
                           Shrapnel wounds of thighs, forearms and 
                           right upper arm.
                 OGILIARO, Renzo Joseph, #402-51-23, QM2c, O-1, USNR
                           Small laceration of the anterior left leg
                           (spent machine gun bullet).

       (b) Material:
             (1) Number two stack.  Inner and outer casing shattered from about 020° 
             relative to 130° relative, resulting hole extending from upper deck about 6 
             feet and about 8 feet across in horizontal plane.  Five inch hole through 
             after side of stack at about 160° relative.  Starboard blower supply ducts 
             at base of stack damaged.  Interior baffling torn loose.  Stack ladder torn 
             loose and damaged.

             (2) Number three 20 m.m. machine gun and stand badly damaged by shrapnel and 
             blast.  Probably will require replacement of entire unit.

             (3) Torpedo tubes.  Breech door on number five barrel ruptured by shrapnel, 
             torpedo in the barrel has propellers damaged.  In addition pieces of 
             shrapnel are lodged in barrel and may have further damaged barrel and 
             torpedo.  Breech door on number four barrel struck and deeply dented, doors 
             warped.  Torpedo firing circuits cut by shrapnel, require rewiring.  Door 
             frame on number one barrel warped by shrapnel hit, unable to open breech 

             (4) Miscellaneous.  Several shrapnel holes through upper deck in vicinity of 
             stack and machine gun.  After bulkhead in electric workshop ruptured in 
             several places by shrapnel, two spare gyro compass repeaters and Weston 
             ammeter mounted on this bulkhead destroyed.  Many shrapnel holes on after 
             side of number one stack and in flag bags on bridge.  Machine gun ready 
             ammunition box mounted forward of number two stack badly damaged.  Electric 
             cables for range lights and fighting lights on foremast cut by shrapnel.  
             Starboard deck drain piping from bridge cut by shrapnel.  Torpedo crane 
             damaged on vertical member and horizontal rack, S.T.S. shield around number 
             three machine gun ruptured in three places.  Motor boat lubricating oil tank 
             on starboard side of main deck pierced by shrapnel.  After stay from 
             foremast carried away.

    4. All personnel performed their duties in a highly commendable manner.  The cool and 
efficient performance of duty of Lieut. (jg) A.H. Smith, Jr., (MC), U.S.N.R.; HAWKE, 
Walter Clovis, #243-27-06, CPhM(PA), U.S.N.; NUTSON, John Peter, #375-28-27, CBM(PA), 
U.S.N.; and WHITE, Warren Willard, #266-24-05, PhM2c, U,S,N, in care of the wounded and 
removal of the dead is particularly worthy of comment.  In this connection attention is 
invited to enclosure (A).

    5. Based on the experience of this action and a similar one on 8 August 1942 it is 
recommended that an anti-aircraft screen employing more than six vessels not be formed 
closer than 3000 yards from the vessels being screened.  It is believed that an anti-
aircraft screen consisting of more than six vessels and formed closer than 3000 yards 
offers the very likely possibility of vessels blanketing and shooting across each other 
where low altitude, high speed targets are involved.  Furthermore, the lack of sea room 
precludes radical maneuvering to avoid an immediately impending attack on a screening 
vessel.  During the action on 8 August collision with other vessels was narrowly averted 
and during the action covered by this report it was necessary to haul out directly away 
from the transports at high speed in order to avoid both the SAN FRANCISCO and ATLANTA 
which were converging sharply on either side.

                                                                         RALPH E. WILSON.

CC:  CTF 67 (3)
     CTF 67.4 (1)
     ComDesDiv Ten (1)
     ComDesRon 12 (1)
     File (1)

                                 U.S.S. BUCHANAN (DD484)

DD484/A16-3                                                              14 November 1942

From:          Executive Officer.
To  :          Commanding Officer.

Subject:       Report following action with Japanese Planes,
               12 November, 1942.

Reference:     (a) Article 948, U.S. Navy Regulations 1920.

    1.  The conduct of all officers and men attached to this vessel during the engagement 
with Japanese torpedo planes during the afternoon of 12 November, 1942 was excellent and 
highly commendatory.  All hands remained at their stations and continued to engage the 
enemy until the last plane had been shot down or had retired in spite of the ship being 
struck by enemy machine gun fire and by a five inch projectile from our own forces 
accompanied by heavy shrapnel over the middle section of the upper decks.

    2.  No individual cases of heroism were noted.  However, I believe the work of
NUTSON, John Peter, #375-28-27, CBM(PA), USN, was worthy of comment and commendation.  
NUTSON led out a fire hose to the scene of damage and was standing by to fight fire by 
the time the damage control officer arrived from his station about 25 yards away.  
Immediately after the action NUTSON performed excellent service in preparing the bodies of 
those killed in action for burial and in cleaning up the scene of damaged immediately.

    3.  No incidents or damage not covered in your action report were noted.

                                                                         H. A. KNOERTZER.

File No.                              AMPHIBIOUS FORCE
133/A16-3(8)                        SOUTH PACIFIC FORCE                             05/bn
                                  Office of the Commander
Serial  00399
                                                               U.S.S. McCAWLEY, Flagship,
                                                                   November 15, 1942.

Secret ltr. A16-3,
Serial 00133 of
November 14, 1942.

From:          Commander Task Force SIXTY-SEVEN.
To  :          Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Pacific Fleet.
Via :          Commander South Pacific Force.

Subject:       Report of Action Against Enemy - 12 November, 1942.

    1.  Forwarded.

                                                                            R. K. TURNER.

A16-3/(90)                         SOUTH PACIFIC FORCE 
Serial 00133b               OF THE UNITED STATES PACIFIC FLEET

Ltr. A16-3 serial 00133
Of November 14, 1942.

From:          The Commander South Pacific Area and
                   South Pacific Force.
To  :          The Commander-in-chief, U.S. Pacific Fleet.

Subject:       Report of Action Against Enemy - 12 November, 

    1.  Forwarded.

    2.  The five-inch direct hit on #2 stack from an adjacent screening vessel is most 
regrettable.  Battery Officers and gun captains are directly responsible that their guns 
do not endanger friendly vessels.  This requires alert observation and good judgment 
during a melee or when repelling low level aircraft attacks.

    3.  The action of the friendly observation plane during the shore bombardment was 
commendable and assisted materially in this successful operation.

    4.  Frequent task force defensive maneuvers against simulated air attacks will reduce 
the difficulties now encountered during actual attacks when close anti-aircraft screens 
are formed.

                                                                             W. F. HALSEY

Copy to:
    CTF 67
    CTF 67.4
    Comdesdiv Ten
    Comdesron Twelve

USS BUCHANAN                                                             DD-484

SERIAL 00133                                                             14 November 1942



DD484/A16                        U.S.S. BUCHANAN (DD484)
Serial 00133                                                       c/o Fleet Post Office,            
                                                                   San Francisco, Cal.
                                                                   November 14, 1942.

From:          Commanding Officer.
To  :          Commander South Pacific Forces.
Via :          Commander Task Force Sixty-Seven.

Subject:       Japanese Prisoners, Rescue of.

Enclosure:     (A) (Under separate cover).  Clothing and Personal
                   Effects of Prisoners.

    1.  About 1630, November 12, 1942, this vessel was detailed to proceed to the area 
northeast of Savo Island to pick up four Japanese airmen reported to be in the water by a 
friendly seaplane.  This plane directed ship to spot by indicating bearing and then 
zooming the floating airmen.

    2.  At 1715 four Japanese were sighted in two groups about 50 yards apart.  The ship 
was maneuvered to take them alongside to port, ring buoys on heaving lines passed to 
them, and a cargo net and hand lines were rigged to receive them on board.  After a 
conversation between themselves, two of the Japanese refused to be picked up and swam 
away from the ship.  One of these appeared to relapse into semi-consciousness and was 
towed out to port by his companion.  The remaining two were assisted on board, separated, 
searched, and confined in separate compartments.

    3.  At 1730 owing to the possibility of a submarine attack and the necessity of 
rejoining the transport group prior to dark, it was deemed necessary to forgo further 
attempts to force the two in the water to come aboard.  Word was given to the friendly 
plane which had landed alongside to destroy them by machine gun fire to prevent their 
reaching Japanese forces in the area. 

    4.  No weapons of any sort were found on either of the two prisoners.  A small amount 
of printed matter (in Japanese) was found on each man and one had a wrist watch and 
cigarette case as personal possessions.  Their personal clothing was washed, dried, and 
returned after the labels had been removed for safekeeping.  Their flight clothing and 
life preserves are being forwarded by separate cover, accompanied by the printed matter 
and personal effects mentioned above.

    5.  No communication between the two prisoners has taken place since they came 
aboard.  No attempt has been made to question the prisoners for intelligence purposes.

    6.  The prisoners are being transferred to the McCAWLEY by direction of Commander 
Task Force 67.

                                             RALPH E. WILSON.

P13-10                                                                             05/hcb

S E C R E T                                                    U.S.S. McCAWLEY, Flagship,
                                                                    November 15, 1942.

Secret ltr. A16 Ser.
00133 of November 14,

From:          Commander Task Force SIXTY-SEVEN.
To  :          Commander South Pacific Force.

Subject:       Japanese Prisoners, Rescue of.

    1.         Forwarded.

                                                                             R. K. TURNER

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