DD-414 U.S.S. RUSSELL
War Diary and Action Reports November 1942,

                             CONFIDENTIAL

                              WAR DIARY

                         U.S.S. RUSSELL (414)

                 From November 1, 1942 to November 30, 1942.

CONFIDENTIAL
Report of Commanding Officer U.S.S. RUSSELL (414) for November 1,
1942.

Task Force 17 Organization

    Task Group 17.2       -Cruisers, Rear Admiral Good.

    Task Unit 17.2.1      -Rear Admiral Good.
                           NOTHSMPTON, WASHINGTON, PENSACOLA.

    Task Unit 17.2.2      -Captain Jenkins.
                           ATLANTA, SAN DIEGO, JUNEAU.

    Task Unit 17.4

    Task Unit 17.4.2      -HUGHES, MUSTIN, ANDERSON.

    Task Unit 17.4.5      -MORRIS, BARTON, RUSSELL.

    . . . . . . . .       -BENHAM, WALKE.

    Task Group 17.5      -Air, Captain Mason.
                          HORNET.
Note: ATLANTA, BENHAM, WALKE, MUSTIN, ANDERSON, PENSACOLA ON detached
1 November 1942                                                 duty.

GCT     LCT                      Remarks

1300    0000  Moored in nest alongside WHITNEY at Great Roads,
              Noumea, New Caledonia.
              Ships present: Task Force 17 less the ATLANTA, BENHAM
              WALKE, MUSTIN, ANDERSON, PENSACOLA; ENTERPRISE, SOUTH
              DAKOTA, SAN JUAN, SMITH, NICHOLAS, WHITNEY, SOLACE,
              McCAWLEY, ARGONNE, ALDEBARAN, PORTLAND, CUSHING,
              PRESTON, STACK, MAHAN, SABINE, LANSDOWNE, ZEILIN,
              LASSEN, ALHENA, ANTARES, BETELGEUSE, MAURY, and
              various merchantmen.

2045    0745  Remainder of HORNET survivors left the ship.

Note:  Engaged in provisioning, ship's upkeep and repair.

CONFIDENTIAL

Report of Commanding Officer U.S.S. RUSSELL (414) for November 2,
1942.

Task Force Organization - No changes.

2 November 1942

GCT     LCT                      Remarks
1300    0000  Moored in nest alongside WHITNEY at Great Roads,
              Noumea, New Caledonia.
              Ships present: Task Force 17 less the ATLANTA, WALKE,
              BENHAM, MUSTIN, ANDERSON, PENSACOLA; ENTERPRISE, 
              SOUTH DAKOTA, PORTLAND, SAN JUAN, ARGONNE, WHITNEY,
              SABINE, ANTARES, ALDEBARAN, LASSEN, McCAWLEY, PRESIDENT 
              JACKSON, ALHENA, BETELGEUSE, NICHOLAS, LANSDOWNE, SMITH, 
              MAHAN, MAURY, STACK, RENSHAW and various merchantmen.

Note:  Engaged in provisioning, ship's upkeep and repair.

CONFIDENTIAL

Report of Commanding Officer U.S.S. RUSSELL (414) for November 3,
1942.

Task Force Organization - No changes.

3 November 1942

GCT     LCT                      Remarks
1300    0000  Moored in nest alongside WHITNEY at Great Roads,
              Noumea, New Caledonia.
              Ships present: Task Force 17 less the ATLANTA, BENHAM, 
              WALKE, MUSTIN, ANDERSON, PENSACOLA; ENTERPRISE, SOUTH 
              DAKOTA, PORTLAND, SAN JUAN, ARGONNE, ALHENA, VESTAL,
              ARD II, PROMETHEUS, WHITNEY, SABINE, ANTARES, 
              ALDEBARAN, BETELGEUSE, LASSEN, McCAWLEY, PRESIDENT 
              JACKSON, NICHOLAS, LAMSON, LANSDOWNE, PRESTON, SMITH, 
              MAHAN, MAURY, STACK.

Note:  Engaged in provisioning, ship's upkeep and repair.
       Liberty for 5% of the crew.

CONFIDENTIAL

Report of Commanding Officer U.S.S. RUSSELL (414) for November 4,
1942.

Task Force Organization - No changes.

4 November 1942

GCT     LCT                      Remarks
1300    0000  Moored in nest alongside WHITNEY at Great Roads,
              Noumea, New Caledonia.
              Ships present: Task Force 17 less the ATLANTA, BENHAM, 
              WALKE, MUSTIN, ANDERSON, PENSACOLA; ENTERPRISE, 
              SOUTH DAKOTA, PORTLAND, NICHOLAS, LANSDOWNE, PRESTON, 
              SMITH, MAHAN, STACK, ELLET, HOVEY, ARGONNE, ALHENA, 
              VESTAL, ARD II, PROMETHEUS, WHITNEY, SABINE, ANTARES, 
              ALDEBARAN, BETELGEUSE, SONOMA, LASSEN, AVP13.

2000    0700  Over the Port Director circuit, received "Alert -
              Prepare for emergency sortie."
              "Enemy carrier reported by Army interceptor command
              off Loyalty Island.  Report being investigated."
              Called all hands to General Quarters.

2220    0920  Secured from General Quarters.

Note:  Received the following message from CTF17 (040027):
       "UPON THE EVE OF MY DEPARTURE FROM TASKFORCE 17 I WISH TO
        EXPRESS APPRECIATION TO THE TASKFORCE FOR THE FIGHTING
        SPIRIT IT HAS ALWAYS DISPLAYED X WE WILL CONTINUE WITH THE
        SAME SPIRIT UNTIL OUR FINAL PURPOSE IS ACHIEVED NAMELY THE
        ANNIALATION OF THE ENEMY X MANY OF OUR SHIPMATES HAVE MADE
        THE SUPREME SACRIFICE X IN YOUR NAME AND IN MY OWN NAME
        AS YOUR TASK FORCE COMMANDER I OFFER PRAYER THAT THEIR
        LIVES SHALL NOT HAVE BEEN GIVEN IN VAIN X I AM CONFIDENT
        THAT FURTHER ACTIONS WILL BE CHARACTERIZED BY THE SAME
        EXAMPLE OF DEVOTION TO DUTY AND OF HEROIC CONDUCT THAT HAS
        DISTINGUISHED THE RECORD OF TASKFORCE 17 TO DATE X GOD
        BLESS ALL OF YOU"

        Engaged in provisioning, ship's upkeep and repair.

        Captain W.A. KITTS in NORTHAMPTON relieved Rear Admiral
        G.D. MURRAY in temporary command Taskforce 17 this date.

CONFIDENTIAL

Report of Commanding Officer U.S.S. RUSSELL (414) for November 5,
1942.

Task Force Organization - No changes.

5 November 1942

GCT     LCT                      Remarks
1300    0000  Moored in nest alongside WHITNEY at Great Roads,
              Noumea, New Caledonia.
              Ships present: Task Force 17 less the ATLANTA, 
              BENHAM, WALKE, MUSTIN, ANDERSON, PENSACOLA; 
              ENTERPRISE, SOUTH DAKOTA, PORTLAND, LANSDOWNE, 
              PRESTON, SMITH, MAHAN, STACK, ELLET, ZANE, MAURY,
              ARGONNE, ALHENA, VESTAL, ARD2, PROMETHEEUS WHITNEY,
              SABINE, ANTARES, BETELGEUSE, SONOMA, LASSEN,
              MACKINAC, McCAWLEY and various merchant ships.

Note:  Engaged in ship's upkeep and repair.

CONFIDENTIAL

Report of Commanding Officer U.S.S. RUSSELL (414) for November 6,
1942.

Task Force Organization - No changes.

6 November 1942

GCT     LCT                      Remarks
1300    0000  Moored in nest alongside WHITNEY at Great Roads,
              Noumea, New Caledonia.
              Ships present: Task Force 17 less the ATLANTA, 
              BENHAM, WALKE, MUSTIN, ANDERSON, PENSACOLA; 
              ENTERPRISE, SOUTH DAKOTA, PORTLAND, MAURY, LANSDOWNE, 
              PRESTON, SMITH, MAHAN, STACK, ELLET, ARGONNE, ALHENA, 
              VESTAL, ARD2, PROMETHEEUS WHITNEY, SABINE, ANTARES, 
              BETELGEUSE, SONOMA, LASSEN, MACKINAC, McCAWLEY 
              and various merchant ships.

2318    1018  Underway to patrol entrance off Bulari Passage.

0035    1135  Called all hands to General Quarters in preparation
              for clearing harbor entrance.

0110    1210  Secured from General Quarters.
              Relieved BARTON and assumed A.S. patrol off Bulari
              Passage.

0900    2000  Position this ship: 22°-34'S, 166°-32'E.

CONFIDENTIAL

Report of Commanding Officer U.S.S. RUSSELL (414) for November 7,
1942.

Task Force 16 Organization
 
     ENTERPRISE  - Rear Admiral Kinkaid Task Force Commander.

     Batdiv 6    - WASHINGTON, SOUTH DAKOTA
                   Rear Admiral Lee.

                   NORTHAMPTON, SAN DIEGO

     Desron 2    - CLARK, MORRIS, HUGHES, ANDERSON, RUSSELL, MUSTIN,
                   BENHAM, ELLET, WALKE.

7 November 1942
GCT     LCT                      Remarks
1300    0000  Maintaining A.S. patrol off Bulari Passage, Noumea,
              New Caledonia.

2100    0800  Position this ship: 22°-37'S, 166°-30'E.  East
              southeast wind, force 4.  Calm sea.

0000    1100  Received the above organization from Comsopac to
              TF16 and TF17.  Effective as of this time TF61 and
              TF17 previously organized are abolished.

0100    1200  Position this ship: 22°-29'S, 166°-32'E.  HUGHES
              relieved RUSSELL on patrol.  Proceeded to enter port.

0230    1330  Alongside tanker J.C. Donnell in berth 24.  Commenced
              taking on fuel and lubricating oil.

0331    1431  Cleared side of tanker having received 24,696 gallons of
              fuel oil.

0403    1503  Moored in  nest alongside WHITNEY at Great Roads, Noumea,
              New Caledonia.

0700    1800  Comdesron 5 arrived aboard and hoisted his pennant.
              His staff includes three officers and thirteen enlisted
              men. 

CONFIDENTIAL

Report of Commanding Officer U.S.S. RUSSELL (414) for November 8,
1942.

Task Force 16 Organization - No changes.
 

8 November 1942

GCT     LCT                      Remarks
1300    0000  Moored in nest alongside WHITNEY at Great Roads, Noumea,
              New Caledonia.
              Ships present: Task Force 16 less the CLARK, BENHAM;
              McCAWLEY, TREVER, WHITNEY, ZANE, JUNEAU, BARTON, MAHAN,
              MAURY, LAMSON, O'BANNON, STACK, MONSSEN, GRAYSON, SPERRY,
              ARGONNE, BELLATRIX, NASSAU, VESTAL, LASSEN, ANTARES,
              SABINE, PROMETHEUS, ALHENA, ARD2, SONOMA, and various
              merchantmen.

2355    1055  Underway to shift berths.

0011    1111  Anchored in berth All, Great Roads.

0030    1130  BARTON moored alongside.

0427    1527  BARTON underway from alongside.

CONFIDENTIAL

Report of Commanding Officer U.S.S. RUSSELL (414) for November 9,
1942.

Task Force 16 Organization - No changes.
 

9 November 1942

GCT     LCT                      Remarks
1300    0000  Moored in berth All, Great Roads, Noumea, New
              Caledonia.
              Ships present: Task Force 16 less the WLKE,
              MUSTIN, ANDERSON, CLARK; PORTLAND, JUNEAU, TREVER,
              WHITNEY, ZANE, ARGONNE, MAHAN, VESTAL, MAURY,
              LAMSON, SPERRY, LASSEN, ANTARES, SABINE,
              PROMETHEUS, ALHENA, ARD2.

2031    0731  Underway to shift berths.

2049    0749  Anchored near former berth on bearings assigned
              by Port Director.

2200    0900  Comdesron 5 transferred his flag from this ship.

2256    0956  Underway to patrol off Bulari Passage.

2315    1015  Received the following visual from Port Director:
              via WHITNEY (082308):
              "Ship torpedoed six seven miles from Amedee Light
              bearing 166 from light."

2320    1020  Sent following to Port Director:(radio voice).
              "Fourteen is standing out to relieve 98 at noon.
               Do you wish us to take any action on your
               082308?"
              From Port Director:
              "We have no jurisdiction over your movements.
               Suggest you contact your unit commander."
              From this ship:
              "We are out of contact with Unit Commander.
               Request you do so for us."
              From Port Director:
              "We suggest you go to the area as soon as possible
               then."

2335    1035  Sent the following to Comdesron 2.
              "RUSSELL has been directed by Port Director to
               proceed vicinity torpedoed ship.  Will instruct
               ELLET to remain at Bulari Passage."

0000    1100  Comsopac's NPM 793 received (082252) to CFT 16
              info ELLET, RUSSELL, HUGHES as follows:
              "Send all available destroyers Task Forces SIXTEEN
               soonest possible to vicinity torpedoed ship
               sixty seven miles bearing one six six degrees from
               Amedee Light.  Maintain entrance patrol of one 
               destroyer."

0005    1105  Sent the following to the ELLET:
              "Have been directed to proceed to torpedoed ship.
               Have told CDS2 that you will patrol.  See NPM
               793.

0054    1154  Called all hands to General Quarters in preparation
              for clearing harbor entrance.

0102    1202  Passed through Bulari Passage.  Increased speed
              to 27 knots.

0109    1209  Secured from General Quarters.

0115    1215  Sighted three friendly merchant ships.

0140    1240  Sighted smoke bearing 150 distance 22 miles.
              (Later identified as that from HMS MATAI, likewise
              proceeding to assist).

0147    1247  Sighted ship bearing 165, distance 16 miles.
              (Later identified as HMS KIVI (T102) proceeding
              to recue in company with MATAI.)

0150    1250  Three Lockheed Hudson circling ships.

0200    1300  Sent following to MATAI:
              "Can you tow?"
              Reply from MATAI.
              "Yes but we are better anti-submarine ship."
              From this ship:
              "How about the T102?"
              Reply:
              "The T102 is no use for towing."

0300    1400  Sighted merchant ship bearing 212, 15 miles distant.

0320    1420  Called all hands to General Quarters.

0339    1439  Sighted torpedoed ship bearing 150, distance
              15 miles.  At 1450 sighted two boats 4000 yards
              north and two life rafts 4 miles east of the ship.
              Ship was S.S. Edgar Allen Poe.
              On closer approach torpedo hit could be clearly
              seen amidships on the port side but there was no
              list and damage was found to be minor except
              that engineering spaces were flooded.  Shell fire
              had destroyed radio.  A message was then sent to
              the Port Director for transmittal to Unit Commander
              that "a towing operation was definitely in order".

0404    1504  Slowed to 15 knots and conducted sound search of
              area around boats and rafts.
              Sent following to Port Director via "Moore":
              "V14 - To be relayed to Port Director and my
               Unit Commander.  Ship is apparently abandoned.
               Will pick up survivors after making sound search."

0429    1529  Picked up survivors from life boats.

0547    1557  Picked up survivors from life floats.

0500    1600  Resumed sound search of area preliminary to  transfer
              of skeleton crew and to commencing towing operation.
              MATAI arrived and assisted.  T102 did likewise.
              Decided to have MATAI tow because other DDs had
              not yet arrived and RUSSELL was better fitted to 
              screen.  Also Commanding Officer of MATAI seemed
              extremely willing and desirous of rendering all
              assistance within his capacity.

0515    1615  Captained of Edgar Allen Poe reported all men
              accounted for.  A total of 72 survivors were 
              taken aboard.  Two men killed by blast were left
              aboard.  Three stretcher and six ambulatory cases
              treated by Doctor.

0607    1707  Merchant skipper, Jack Edgerton with 29 hands
              were transferred to Poe via motorwhale boat
              to prepare for towing operation.  Told MATAI that
              this crew would pass them a tow line.

0629    1729  Secured from General Quarters.

0700    1800  HUGHES joined screen and took charge of
              operations.

0730    1830  MATAI commenced towing operations.  HUGHES,
              this ship, and the T102 maintained sound screen.

0854    1954  Established radar contact bearing 165, distance 2000
              yards.
              Called all hands to General Quarters.

0920    2020  Contact determined as false.
              Secured from General Quarters.

1000    2100  CDS2 in MORRIS joined formation and assumed
              command.

1045    2145  Destroyers and KIWI took stations in screening
              formation.  Patrolled stations at 10 knots.
              Tow is making about 2 knots on course 350°T.

CONFIDENTIAL

Report of Commanding Officer U.S.S. RUSSELL for November 10, 1942.

Task Force 16 Organization - No changes.

Operating under Comsopac's NPM 793 of 082252.

10 November 1942

GCT     LCT                      Remarks
1300    0000  Steaming in company with MORRIS, HUGHES, HMS MATAI,
              HMS KIWI (T102).  MATAI has the EDGAR ALLEN POE
              in tow.
              Ships are engaged in screening the tow.  Patrolling
              station at 10 knots.  Towing course 350, speed about
              2 knots.

1745    0445  Sent the following to Comdesron 2 in the MORRIS:
              "NOW HAVE 42 SURVIVORS ON BOARD X THREE STRETCHER
               CASES X PUT CAPTAIN AND 32 BACK ON POE X HAD
               MATAI TOW BECAUSE AFFIRM THOUGHT RUSSELL BETTER
               IN SCREEN BAKER HE SEEMED TO PREFER IT CAST DID
               NOT DESIRE TO ARRIVE BEFORE DAWN BUT ANTICIPATED
               HIGHER SPEED THAN THIS X AM READY TO TOW AND 
               ESTIMATE FIFTEEN MINUTES FOR SHIFT IF YOU DESIRE
               MORE SPEED"

1830    0530  Sent following to Comdesron 2:
              "AT ABOUT 1945 NIGHT BEFORE LAST POE WAS TORPEDOED
               THEN SHELLED AND REPLIED WITH OWN GUNS X SUB DOVE
               ABOUT 150 YARDS AWAY AND NOT SEEN AGAIN X SHIP
               ABANDONED BECAUSE FURTHER ATTACK EXPECTED X
               TORPEDO FLOODED ENGINEERING SPACES X RUSSELL
               SOUND SEARCHED AROUND 2 RAFTS AND 2 BOATS THEN
               WAS COVERED BY THREE BRITISH PLANES WHILE
               RECOVERING X THEN AT 160 MATAI AND T102 ARRIVED
               AND PLANES LEFT AND ALL SOUND SEARCHED AROUND POE
               BEFORE COMMENDING TOWING OPERATIONS X CAPTAIN
               STATED PLANES DIRECTED THEM TO STAY CLEAR OF
               WRECK X CARGO OF TORPEDOES BOMBS GASOLINE AND GEAR
               FOR ROSES AND BUTTIN UNDALAGED"

2043    0743  Changed patrolling speed to 16 knots.

2100    0800  Position this ship: 23°-07'S, 166°-35'E.  East
              wind, force 3.  Calm sea.

0100    1200  Position this ship: 22°-48'S, 166°-29'E.

0405    1505  Two patrol vessels alongside POE to assist her in
              steering through Bulari Passage.

0650    1750  This ship passed through Bulari Passage.

0700    1800  Received from MATAI:
              "Intend to anchor until daybreak.  KIWI and UMS
               can maintained AS stationary patrol."

0700    1800  Comdesron 2 sent the following to CTF16:
              "HAVE ASSIGNED ELLET ESCORT FOR SPERRY X HUGHES ON
               PATROL OFF ENTRANCE X RUSSELL DIRECTED PROCEED TO
               ANCHORAGE X MORRIS REMAINING WITH TOW INSIDE REEF
               X WILL PROCEED UP CHANNEL AT DAYKIGHT TOMORROW
               WEDNESDAY X UNABLE TO GET TOW AROUND TURN ON FIRST
               TRY X WILL MAKE IT ALL RIGHT TOMORROW"

0755    1855  Anchored in Dumbea Bay, New Caledonia.

0810    1910  From CTF16 to RUSSELL, MORRIS info Comseronsopac:
              "ARRANGE TO FUEL TONIGHT"

1015    2115  Underway to go alongside SABINE in berth 29

1051    2151  Commenced fueling from SABINE.

1130    2230  Completed fueling ship, having received 24,066
              gallons fuel oil.

CONFIDENTIAL

Report of Commanding Officer U.S.S. RUSSELL for November 11, 1942.

Task Force 16 Organization - No changes.

11 November 1942

GCT     LCT                      Remarks


1300    0000  Moored alongside SABINE in berth 29 Dumbea Bay,
              Noumea, New Caledonia.

2040    0740  Transferred 3 stretcher and 7 ambulatory cases to
              the WHITNEY via motor launch.

2135    0835  Transferred remaining 28 survivors to the SABINE.

2201    0901  Underway to relieve HUGHES on entrance patrol off
              Bulari Passage.

2213    0913  Passed EDGAR ALLEN POE entering harbor in tow by
              HMS MATAI.

2330    1030  Relieved HUGHES and commenced patrol off Bulari
              Passage.

0146    1246  TF16 DD's standing out of channel.

0205    1305  Joined destroyer screen in conformance with sortie
              plan.

0207    1307  Called all hands to General Quarters.

0240    1340  Heavy ships TF16 stood out of entrance channel.

0305    1405  Took screening station in TF cruising disposition.

0323    1423  Secured from General Quarters.

0455    1555  Received CTF16's 110355 to TF16 as follow:
              "THIS FORCE IS PROCEEDING WEST OF POPPY TO LAT.
               14-00, LONG. 161-30 TO ARRIVE 0800 FRIDAY TO BE
               IN POSITION TO STRIKE ENEMY FORCES IN GUADALCANAL
               AREA"

0800    2000  Position this ship: 22°-30'S, 165°-49E.

1129    2329  Executed emergency course change on TBS signal
              from CTF16.

1140    2340  Resume base course.

Note:  ELLET is on detached duty.

CONFIDENTIAL

Report of Commanding Officer U.S.S. RUSSELL for November 12, 1942.

Task Force 16 Organization - No changes.

  Organized as follows by CTF16's 110240 of November 1942.

  Surface Attack Group

      16.3     -  Rear Admiral Lee.

      16.3.1   -  WASHINGTON, SOUTH DAKOTA, NORTHAMPTON

      16.3.2   -  Commander Holcomb (DD's as designation by CTG16.4)
                  (SAN DIEGO and 3 DD's remain with CV)

Note:  ELLET is on detached duty.

12 November 1942

GCT     LCT                      Remarks

1200    0000  Steaming in company with TF16 less the ELLET on
              detached duty.

1221    0021  Executed emergency turn on signal from CTF16 (TBS).

1229    0029  Resumed base course.

2000    0800  Position this ship: 20°-25'S, 163°-03'E.  Southeast
              wind, force 3. Calm sea.

2300    1100  Fired scheduled 20 mm exercise at tow sleeve.

2400    1200  Position this ship: 19°-46'S, 167°*40'E.  Made good
              since noon yesterday: course 314, distance 370 miles.

0143    1343  Formed close AA screen for drill purposes.

0214    1414  Resumed station in cruising disposition.

0800    2000  Position this ship: 17°-53'S, 161°-54'E.

CONFIDENTIAL

Report of Commanding Officer U.S.S. RUSSELL for November 13, 1942.

Operating under Commander Task Force 16's 110355 of November 1942.

  Task Force 16 Organization

    PENSACOLA, PRESTION, GWIN are now operating with this Task Force
    which has been organized as follows by CTF16's 112115:

      Task Group 16.3    -  Rear Admiral Lee

        Task Unit 16.3.1 -  WASHINGTON, SOUTH DAKOTA, NORTHAMPTON,
                            PENSACOLA.

        Task Unit 16.3.2 -  Commander Holcomb.
                           (Four DDs and SAN DIEGO remain with 
                            CV - other DDs assigned Task Unit
                            16.3.2)

                  16.4   -  Destroyers.

Note:  ELLET is on detached duty.

13 November 1942

GCT     LCT                      Remarks

1200    0000  Steaming in company with Task Force 16 less the
              ELLET on detached duty.

2000    0800  Position this ship: 14°-22'S, 161°-20'E.  East
              southeast wind, force 3.  Calm sea.

2200    1000  PENSACOLA, PRESTON and GWIN joined Task Force.

2247    1047  SOUTH DAKOTA reported sighting torpedo on her
              starboard side.  Called all hands to General 
              Quarters.  Executed emergency turn.  BENHAM proceeded
              to search for submarine.

2315    1115  Secured from General Quarters.

2400    1200  Position this ship: 13°-58'S, 161°-40'E.  Made good
              since noon yesterday: course 359, distance 350 miles.
            
0105    1305  GWIN established sound contact on bearing 175, distance
              700 yards.  Executed emergency turn.

0456    1656  Received a visual message from CTF16 as follows:
              "WE WERE SIGHTED AND REPORTED BY JAP SEAPLANE WHICH
               OUR VF SHOT DOWN ABOUT NOON X WE ARE PROCEEDING TO
               COVER OUR FORCES RETIRING FROM CACTUS"

0800    2000  Position this ship: 14°-43'S, 161°-54'E.

1107    2307  Changed speed to 25 knots on course 300.  Cut in all
              boilers on the main line.

Note:  About sunset the WASHINGTON, SOUTH DAKOTA, WALKE, GWIN, PRESTON
       and BENHAM left the formation on detached duty.  CLARK took a
       roving commission. MUSTIN was sent on a special mission.

CONFIDENTIAL

Report of Commanding Officer U.S.S. RUSSELL for November 14, 1942.

Operating under Commander Task Force 16's 110355.

  Task Force 16 Organization - No changes.

         The following ships on detached duty:
         WASHINGTON, SOUTH DAKOTA, WALKE, GWIN, PRESTON, BENHAM,
         MUSTIN, ELLET.

14 November 1942

GCT     LCT                      Remarks

1200    0000  Steaming in company with Task Force 16 less those
              units on detached duty.

1236    0036  Executed emergency turn.

1242    0042  Resumed base course.

2000    0800  Position this ship: 12°-49'S, 159°-01'E.  East 
              southeast wind, force 3.  Sky mostly cloudy.  Calm
              sea.

2020    0820  CFT 16 announced over TBS 10 unidentified planes 
              headed this way from north at elevation 2500 feet.
              Called all hands top General Quarters.  Took station
              in close AA screen.

2152    0952  Over the fighter director one four engine Jap
              patrol bomber was reported shot down by our VF,
              bearing 040 distance 32 miles.  Sighted smoke on
              this bearing.

2223    1023  Sighted Flying Fortress.

2400    1200  Position this ship: 12°-40'S, 159°-10'E.  Made good 
              since noon yesterday: course 300, distance 160 miles.
              Changed course to 180.  Carrier engaged in flight
              operations throughout the morning.  Several "bogeys"
              reported during the morning.

0050    1250  Sighted PBY.

0121    1321  Secured from General Quarters.  Took station in
              cruising disposition.

0230    1430  Received CTF16's 140230 as follows:
              "JAP CONVOY WAS ATTACKED BY 7 TBF, 8 VF, 12 SBD X OUR
               ATTACK GROUP GOING IN NOW IS 12 VF 8 SBD X THIS
               MORNING WE SENT 18 SBD 8 VF X VF RETURNED SBD WENT
               TO GUADALCANAL X WE ARE RETURNING NOW TO FUEL DD's
               FROM CRUISERS AND AWAIT FURTHER ORDERS X 18 VF ARE
               AVAILABLE OF WHICH 8 ARE ON CONSTANT CAP"

0800    2000  Position this ship: 14°-38'S, 158°-57'E.  Steaming
              on southerly course at 18 knots.

1039    2239  NORTHAMPTON announced over TBS a surface radar contact
              bearing 220, distance 6000 yards.
              Executed emergency turn.

1057    2257  Resumed base course.

CONFIDENTIAL

Report of Commanding Officer U.S.S. RUSSELL for November 15, 1942.

  Task Force 16 Organization - No changes.

       WASHINGTON, SOUTH DAKOTA, WALKE, GWIN, PRESTON, BENHAM,
       are operating together on detached duty.  MUSTIN and ELLET
       are likewise on detached duty.

15 November 1942

GCT     LCT                      Remarks

1200    0000  Steaming in company with Task Force 16 less those
              units on detached duty.

1920    0720  Fueling cancelled.

2000    0800  Position this ship:  17°-15'S, 159°-12'E.  East
              southeast wind, \force 5.  Moderate to heavy swell.

2113    0913  PENSACOLA reported large group of planes bearing
              280, distance 29 miles apparently friendly.
              Called all hands to General Quarters.

2134    0934  Secured from General Quarters.

2400    1200  Position this ship:  18°-34'S, 160°-02'E.  Made
              good since noon yesterday: course 117, distance
              340 miles.

0034    1234  Received CTF16'S 142352:
              "INFO RECEIVED INDICATES FOUR JAP TRANSPORTS GOT
               THROUGH TO GUADALCANAL AND STARTED UNLOADING X
               THEY ARE ALL BURNING NOW THOUGH"

0402    1602  CTF16 Ordered COMCRU TF16 to proceed on duty
              assigned with three destroyers to be designated
              by COMDES TF16.  At 1615, the PENSACOLA, NORTHAMPTON,
              MORRIS, RUSSELL and ANDERSON departed on detached
              duty.  (Designated as TG16.2)

0425    1625  Set course 065°.

0630    1830  Established sound contact.  Hoisted Emerg U 205.
              Other ships executed emergency turn.  Called all
              hands to General Quarters.

0645    1845  Lost contact.  Secured from General Quarters and
              rejoined formation.

0800    2000  Position this ship: 17°-56'S, 161°-58'E.

Note:  Received CTF16's 142100 as follows:
       "YESTERDAY AFTERNOON OUR SECOND ATTACK GROUP HIT THE ENEMY
        TRANSPORTS NEAR NEW GEORGIA AND LANDED GUADALCANAL X THEY
        ARE OPERATING FROM THERE TODAY"

       CTF16's 150220 FOLLOWS:
       "SUMMARY OF YESTERDAY AIR OPERATION X AT DAWN LAUNCHED SEARCH
        200 TO 250 MILES SECTOR 285 TO 015 X A SEARCH PLANE REPORTED
        10 UNIDENTIFIED PLANES AT 140 MILES HEADED FOR US X IT
        BEING APPARENT ENEMY KNEW OUR POSITION ATTACK GROUP 17 VSB
        and 10 VF WAS LAUNCHED FOR SAVO AREA X PLANES OF SEARCH
        GROUP HIT 2 CA WITH 500 POUND BOMBS X BOTH BURNING HEAVILY
        X ALSO PUT TWO BOMBS ON AP's RESULTS UNOBSERVED X ATTACK
        GROUP MADE AT LEAST 3 ONE THOUSAND POUND BOMB HITS ON BB
        DASH CA FORCE PLUS NUMEROUS MISSES X MANY BOGEYS AND
        REPORTED CV INDICATED ADVISABILITY OF RETIRING X ATTACK
        GROUP DIRECTED LAND CACTUS X SOME OF OUR SEARCH PLANES
        INTERCEPTED MESSAGE AND ALSO LANDED CACTUS X AT 1400
        LAUNCHED VSB 12 VF TO STRIKE AP FORCE AND LAND CACTUS X
        RESULTS OF STRIKE WITH 1000 POUND BOMB AND VF STRAFE NOT
        REPORTED X OUR PLANES NOW OPERATING OUT OF CACTUS X SLANT
        EYES STILL LOOKING FOR BLUE CV".

CONFIDENTIAL

Report of Commanding Officer U.S.S. RUSSELL for November 16, 1942.

  Task Force 16 Organization - No changes.

16 November 1942

GCT     LCT                      Remarks

1200    0000  Steaming on detached duty in company with TG 16.2
              consisting of the PENSACOLA, NORTHAMPTON, MORRIS,
              ANDERSON (and this ship.)

2000    0800  Position this ship: 16°-20'S, 165°-19'E.  East
              southeast wind, force 5.  Moderate swell.

2400    1200  Position this ship: 15°-52'S, 166°33'E.  Made good
              since noon yesterday: course 070, distance 417
              miles.

0345    1445  Cruisers entered channel and proceeded to anchorage
              at Espiritu Santo.

0350    1450  This ship entered channel.

0530    1630  Commenced taking on fuel oil from the GUADALUPE.
              Completed fueling at 1920, having received
              103,701 gallons of fuel oil and 10,700 gallons diesel
              oil.

Note:  A colored Army band from Espiritu Santo gave a concert
       aboard this ship in the evening.

CONFIDENTIAL

Report of Commanding Officer U.S.S. RUSSELL for November 17, 1942.

Task Force 16 Organization - No changes.

17 November 1942

GCT     LCT                      Remarks

1300    0000  Moored alongside MORRIS and GUADALUPE in anchorage
              at Espiritu Santo Island.
              Ships present: PENSACOLA, NORTHAMPTON, MORRIS,
              RUSSELL, ANDERSON, MUSTIN, SAN FRANCISCO, HELENA,
              NASSAU, BUCHANNAN, FLETCHER, STERRETT, AYLWIN, ELLET,
              McCALLA, SHAW, NICHOLAS, GWIN SOUTHARD, HOVEY,
              PC476, SABINE, GUADALUPE, VESTAL, BETELGUSES,
              CURTIS, TANGIER, FORMALHAUT, HEYWOOD, NAVAJO,
              TAPPAHANNOCK, ALCOA, PENNANT, ZEILIN, PRESIDENT
              JACKSON, PRRSIDENT ADAMS, McCAWLEY, LIBRA.

2034    0734  Underway to change berths.  At 0756, moored alongside
              ANDERSON in berth Dog minus 2.

Note:  Engaged in provisioning and ship's upkeep.

CONFIDENTIAL

Report of Commanding Officer U.S.S. RUSSELL for November 18, 1942.

Task Force 16 Organization - No changes.

18 November 1942

GCT     LCT                      Remarks

1300    0000  Moored alongside ANDERSON in Berth Dog Minus 2
              Espiritu Santo Island.
              Ships present: PENSACOLA, NORTHAMPTON, MORRIS,
              RUSSELL, ANDERSON, SAN FRANCISCO, HELENA, 
              NASSAU, BUCHANNAN, FLETCHER, STERRETT, ALYWIN,
              ELLET, SHAW, NICHOLAS, GWIN, SOUTHARD, HOVEY,
              PC476, SABINE, GUADALUPE, VESTAL, CURTIS,
              TANGIER, FORMALHAUT, HEYWOOD, NAVAJO, TAPPAHANNOCK,
              ALCOA, PENNANT, ZEILIN, McCAWLEY, PRESIDENT
              HAYES, ZANE, TREVER.

0447    1547  CURTISS reported periscope sighted at the west
              entrance of Segund Channel.  Ships present
              hoisted Emerg Sail 270.

0654    1754  Underway with MORRIS in compliance with
              Comairsopac's 180623 and 180816 which directed
              this ship and the MORRIS to conduct a submarine
              hunt off the east entrance north of Tutuba
              Island.

0715    1815  Called all hands to General Quarters in
              preparation for clearing channel entrance.

0737    1837  Secured from General Quarters.

0810    1910  Commenced AS patrol about five miles off
              Tutuba Island.

Note:  Other patrol craft and destroyers are also engaged in
       the hunt for the submarine believed to have been sighted.

CONFIDENTIAL

Report of Commanding Officer U.S.S. RUSSELL for November 19, 1942.

Operating under Comarsopac's 180623 and 180816.

19 November 1942

GCT     LCT                      Remarks

1300    0000  Engaged in AS patrol off Tutuba Island in
              company with MORRIS.

2000    0700  Departed for "White Poppy" on temporary duty
              in company with NASSAU and ALYWIN as directed
              by Comsopac's 180522.

2100    0800  Position this ship: 15°-58'S, 167°-47'E. Westerly
              wind, force 2.  Calm sea.  No swell.

0100    1200  Position this ship: 16°-31'S, 167°-58'E.

0430    1530  Fired 20 mm and 5" burst practice.

0900    2000  Position this ship: 17°-50'S, 167°-29'E.

Note:  During the run to "White Poppy", the NASSAU is to engage
       in air group operations.

CONFIDENTIAL

Report of Commanding Officer U.S.S. RUSSELL for November 20, 1942.

Operating under Comsopac's 180522.

20 November 1942

GCT     LCT                      Remarks

1300    0000  Steaming in company with NASSAU and AYLWIN.

2100    0800  Position this ship: 20°-37'S, 168°-39'E.  South
              southeast wind, force 4.  Calm sea.  Slight swell.

2205    0905  Sighted ANEITYUN Island bearing 060, distance 51
              miles.

2219    0919  Fired 20 mm at towed sleeve.

0100    1200  Position this ship: 20°-54'S, 169°-42'E.  Made
              good since noon yesterday: course 158, distance 274
              miles.

0900    2000  Position this ship: 21°-14'S, 170°-56'E. 

CONFIDENTIAL

Report of Commanding Officer U.S.S. RUSSELL for November 21, 1942.

Operating under Comsopac's 180522.

21 November 1942

GCT     LCT                      Remarks

1300    0000  Steaming in company with NASSAU and AYLWIN
              enroute "White Poppy".

2100    0800  Position this ship: 23°-58'S, 169°-45'E.  South
              southwest wind, force 4.  Calm sea.

2345    1045  Fired 5" burst practice.

0042    1142  Conformed to movements of carrier during
              simulated attack by her torpedo planes.

0100    1200  Position this ship: 25°-06'S, 169°-18'E.  Made
              good since noon yesterday: course 184, distance
              257 miles.

0420    1520  Fired 20 mm guns at towed sleeve.  Secured from
              exercise at 1551.

0900    2000  Position this ship: 25°-04'S, 167°-14'E.

CONFIDENTIAL

Report of Commanding Officer U.S.S. RUSSELL for November 22, 1942.

Operating under Comsopac's 180522.

22 November 1942

GCT     LCT                      Remarks

1300    0000  Steaming enroute "White Poppy" in company with
              Nassau and Aylwin.

2100    0800  Position this ship: 24°-30'S, 164°-25'E.  South-
              west wind, force 3.  Calm sea.  Slight swell.

2230    0930  Carrier torpedo planes simulated attack on for-
              mation.

0100    1200  Position this ship: 24°-10'S, 165°-00'E.  Made
              good since noon yesterday: course 280, distance
              240 miles.

0900    2000  Position this ship: 22°-38'S, 163°-40'E.

CONFIDENTIAL

Report of Commanding Officer U.S.S. RUSSELL for November 23, 1942.

Operating under Comsopac's 180522.

23 November 1942

GCT     LCT                      Remarks

1300    0000  Steaming enroute "White Poppy" in company with
              NASSAU and AYLWIN.

2038    0738  Proceeded through Bulari Passage, Noumea, New
              Caledonia in company with other ships.

2200    0900  Alongside J.C. Donnell in Dumbea Bay.  Commenced
              fueling.  Completed fueling at 1125, having
              received 70,858 gallons fuel oil.

0103    1203  Underway t shift berths.  At 1244 anchored in
              assigned anchorage at Great Roads, Noumea,
              New Caledonia.

Note:  Commenced provisioning ship.

CONFIDENTIAL

Report of Commanding Officer U.S.S. RUSSELL for November 24, 1942.

Task Force 16 Organization

     Commander TF16 - Rear Admiral Sherman

                      ENTERPRISE
                      SAN DIEGO
                      DESRON 2 - CLARK
                                 ELLET
                                 MORRIS
                                 ANDERSON
                                 HUGHES
                                 MUSTIN
                                 RUSSELL

Above organization effective 0000 GCT 24 November.     

24 November 1942

GCT     LCT                      Remarks

1300    0000  Anchored in Great Roads, Noumea, New Caledonia.
              Ships present: SOUTH DAKOTA, WASHINGTON, SAN
              FRANCISCO, HELENA, HONOLULU, SAN DIEGO, NASSAU,
              ENTERPRISE, O'BANNON, STERETT, CLARK, MC DONOUGH,
              STACK, GWIN, AYLWIN, BUCHANAN, DALE, SOUTHARD,
              MAHAN, CONYNGHAM, PLATTE, ARGONNE, WHITNEY,
              ANTARES, VIRGEO, NECHES, ARD 2, PROMETHEUS,
              MC CAWELY, KENMORE, STRATFORD, HUNTER LIGGETT,
              PRESIDENT ADAMS, PRESIDENT JACKSON, MERCURY,
              CRESCENT CITY, LACKAWANNA, SUAMICO.     and 
              various merchantmen and small craft.

Note:  Engaged in provisioning and ship's upkeep.
       Comdesron 2 has been directed to establish a patrol off
       the harbor entrance.

CONFIDENTIAL

Report of Commanding Officer U.S.S. RUSSELL for November 25, 1942.

Task Force 16 Organization - No changes.

25 November 1942

GCT     LCT                      Remarks

1300    0000  Anchored in Great Roads, Noumea, New Caledonia.
              Ships present: SOUTH DAKOTA, WASHINGTON, SAN
              FRANCISCO, HELENA, HONOLULU, SAN DIEGO, NASSAU,
              ENTERPRISE, O'BANNON, STERETT, MC DONOUGH,
              STACK, GWIN, AYLWIN, BUCHANNAN, DALE, SOUTHARD,
              CONYNGHAM, PLATTE, ARGONNE, WHITNEY, ANTARES,
              VIRGO, NECHES, ARD 2, PROMETHEUS, MC CAWLEY,
              KENMORE, STRATFORD, HUNTER LIGGETT, PRESIDENT
              ADAMS, PRESIDENT JACKSON, MERCURY, CRESCENT
              CITY, LACKAWANNA, SUAMICO.    and various
              merchantmen and small craft.

2306    1006  Underway to patrol off Bulari Passage in compliance
              with orders from CDS 2.

0015    1115  Called all hands to General Quarters.

0025    1125  Passed through Bulari Passage.

0029    1129  Secured from General Quarters.

0038    1138  Relieved CLARK on station.  Commenced AS patrol
              off Bulari Passage.

CONFIDENTIAL

Report of Commanding Officer U.S.S. RUSSELL for November 26, 1942.

Task Force 16 Organization - No changes.

26 November 1942

GCT     LCT                      Remarks

1300    0000  Conducting AS patrol off Bulari Passage, Noumea,
              New Caledonia.  Good visibility, calm sea.

0030    1130  ANDERSON relieved this ship of patrol duty.
              Proceeded to enter port.

0048    1148  Passed through Bulari Passage.

0150    1250  Alongside tanker J.C. Donnell.  Completed fueling
              ship at 1357, having received 17,616 gallons fuel
              oil.

0300    1400  Proceeded to go alongside CLARK.

0347    1447  Moored alongside CLARK in Great Roads, Noumea,
              New Caledonia.

CONFIDENTIAL

Report of Commanding Officer U.S.S. RUSSELL for November 27, 1942.

Task Force 16 Organization - No changes.

27 November 1942

GCT     LCT                      Remarks

1300    0000  Moored alongside CLARK in Great Roads, Noumea, 
              New Caledonia.  Ship's present: WASHINGTON, 
              ENTERPRISE, SAN DIEGO, HELENA, NASSAU, CLARK,
              MORRIS, BUCHANNAN, GWIN, HOVEY, WHITNEY, ANTARES,
              ARGONNE, PLATTE, NECHES, GUAMICO, PROMETHEUS,
              LACKAWANNA, ARD 2, VIREO, KENNMORE, STRATFORD,
              PRESIDENT ADAMS, PRESIDENT JACKSON.     and various
              merchantmen and small craft.

Note:  Engaged in ship's upkeep.

CONFIDENTIAL

Report of Commanding Officer U.S.S. RUSSELL for November 28, 1942.

Task Force 16 Organization - No changes.

28 November 1942

GCT     LCT                      Remarks

1300    0000  Moored alongside CLARK in Great Roads, Noumea,
              New Caledonia.  Ships present: WASHINGTON,
              ENTERPRISE, SAN DIEGO, HELENA, NASSAU, CLARK,
              MORRIS, BUCHANNAN, GWIN, HOVEY, WHITNEY, ANTARES,
              ARGONNE, PLATTE, NECHES, GUAMICO, PROMETHEUS,
              LACKAWANNA, ARD 2, VIREO, KENMORE, STRATFORD,
              PRESIDENT ADAMS, PRESIDENT JACKSON.     and various
              merchantmen and small craft.

2312    1012  Underway to patrol off Bulari Passage in compliance
              with orders from CDS 2.

0014    1114  Called all hands to General Quarters.

0030    1130  Secured from General Quarters.  Relieved ANDERSON
              on AS patrol.

CONFIDENTIAL

Report of Commanding Officer U.S.S. RUSSELL for November 29, 1942.

Task Force 16 Organization - No changes.

29 November 1942

GCT     LCT                      Remarks

1300    0000  Conducting AS patrol off Bulari Passage, Noumea, 
              New Caledonia.

0035    1135  Passed through Bulari Passage.

0039    1139  Comdesron 2 shifted his pennant to this ship from
              the CLARK.  The CLARK relieved this ship on AS
              patrol.

0210    1310  Alongside PLATTE to fuel.  (Berth 28) Completed
              fueling at 1340, having received 16,816 gallons
              fuel oil.

0246    1346  Underway to shift berths.

0335    1435  Moored alongside ANDERSON in Great Roads, Noumea, 
              New Caledonia.

CONFIDENTIAL

Report of Commanding Officer U.S.S. RUSSELL for November 30, 1942.

Task Force 16 Organization - No changes.

30 November 1942

GCT     LCT                      Remarks

1300    0000  Moored alongside ANDERSON in Great Roads, Noumea,
              New Caledonia.  Ships Present: WASHINGTON, 
              ENTERPRISE, NASSAU, ALTAMAHA, HELENA, MORRIS,
              ANDERSON, FARRAGUT, GWIN, BUCHANNAN, DIXIE, ANTARES,
              WHITNEY, ARGONNE, PROMETHEUS, PLATTE, GUAMICO,
              LASSIN, CRESCENT CITY, PRESIDENT JACKSON, PRESIDENT
              ADAMS, WOODWORTH, STRATFORD, AMERICAN LEGION, ARD 2,
              VIREO, PT Squadron 6.    and various merchantmen
              and small craft.

2309    1009  Underway to patrol off Bulari Passage in compliance
              with orders from CDS 2.

2338    1038  Comdesron 2 shifted his pennant to the CLARK.

2351    1051  Plane guarded for NASSAU inside Dumbea Bay off 
              Ile Nou.

0449    1549  Flight operations completed.  Proceeded to patrol
              area off Bulari Passage.

0536    1636  Called all hands to General Quarters.

0553    1653  Secured from General Quarters.  Commenced patrolling
              off Bulari Passage.



                                 G.R. HARTWIG.
                                 Commander, U.S. Navy,
                                 Commanding.


Information on the U.S.S. RUSSELL DD 414


DICTIONARY OF FIGHTING SHIPS

History of the U.S.S. RUSSELL DD 414

Sims Class
Completed - 1939 - 40

DD 409 SIMS 
DD 410 HUGHES
DD 411 ANDERSON
DD 412 HAMMAN
DD 413 MUSTIN
DD 414 RUSSELL
DD 415 O'BRIEN
DD 416 WALKE
DD 417 MORRIS
DD 418 ROE
DD 419 WAINWRIGHT
DD 420 BUCK


Dimensions

Displacement:
   1,570 tons (stand)
   2,300 tons (Mean War Service)
Length: 348' (oa)
Beam: 36
Draft: 18' (max)

Armament

4 5"/ 38 DP
3 40mm singles
2 40mm twins
4 20mm
2 DC tracks
4 DC projectors
2 21" TT (quads)

Propulsion

Speed: 35 knots (max)
Max. Cruising radius:
  2,200 miles @ 25 knots 
  4,700 miles @15 knots
Horsepower: 50,0000 (shaft)
Drive: 2 screws; geared turbine
Fuel: 489 tons oil (max)

Remarks

  Slightly longer and wider than the ELLET's, the SIMS Class are otherwise 
very similar.

  They were lengthened to accommodate a fifth 5"-gun which was subsequently
replaced by additional light AA batteries.  The torpedo tubes are given high,
center-line mounts.  As the last American one-stack destroyers, they mark a 
transitional stage in development between the basic CUMMINGS-GRIDLEY design
and the BENSON-FLETCHER group that followed.

War losses include:

SIMS (DD409)
HAMMAN (DD412)
O'BREIN (DD415
WALKE (DD416)
BUCK (DD420)


Links to other web-sites with information on the
U.S.S. RUSSELL


To learn more about the U.S.S. RUSSELL Please visit these Web-site
Destroyer History Foundation
NavSource Online  Has photos of DD-414






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