DD-373 U.S.S. SHAW
War Diary and Action Reports November 1942,



From: November 1, 1942.  To: November 30, 1942.

November 1, 1942.
        Steaming in company with Task Group 62.4.4 this vessel and 
U.S.S. CONYNGHAM screening U.S.S. FULLER enroute from Efate to 
Guadalcanal.
        0800  Position  -  Latitude   12° 59' S.
                           Longitude  162° 44' E.
        Noon  Position  -  Latitude   12° 21' S.
                           Longitude  161° 56' E.
        2000  Position  -  Latitude   10° 18' S.
                           Longitude  160° 45' E.
        Course made good  -  314° T.  Distance made good  -  285 miles, 
        noon to noon.

November 2, 1942.
        Steaming as before.  0530 Arrived off LUNGA Point, Guadalcanal.  
U.S.S. FULLER commenced unloading troops and equipment.  Destroyers set 
up anti-submarine screen.  0650 Major Nees, U.S.M.C., came aboard as 
liason officer for shore bombardment of Japanese positions by U.S.S. 
SHAW and U.S.S. CONYNGHAM.  0753 Commenced shore bombardment of 
Japanese positions to west of Mantanikau River.  Expanded 469 rounds AA 
common 5" shells.  0845 Completed bombardment and resumed submarine 
screening station.  1800 U.S.S. FULLER completed unloading and Task 
Group proceeded through Sealark Channel enroute to Espiritu Santos.  At 
about 1915 passed friendly Task Force proceeding on opposite course.  
In avoiding the Task Force the U.S.S. CONYNGHAM turned across the bow 
of the U.S.S. FULLER in low visibility conditions and was rammed by 
that vessel.  Forward fireroom U.S.S. CONYNGHAM was flooded and placed 
out of commission.  That vessel was ordered to proceed independently to 
Espiritu Santos.
        0800  Position  -  Guadalcanal
        Noon  Position  -  Guadalcanal
        2000  Position  -  Latitude   09° 35' S.
                           Longitude  160° 40' E.
        Course made good  -  328° T.  Distance made good  -  215 miles, 
        noon to noon.

November 3, 1942.
        Steaming as before in company with U.S.S. FULLER. 
        0800  Position  -  Latitude   10°° 00' S.
                           Longitude  162° 23' E.
        Noon  Position  -  Latitude   10° 42' S.
                           Longitude  162° 56' E.
        2000  Position  -  Latitude   12° 09' S.
                           Longitude  164° 00' E.
        Course made good  -  202° T.  Distance made good  -  194 miles, 
        noon to noon.

November 4, 1942. 
        Steaming as before in company with U.S.S. FULLER. 
        0800  Position  -  Latitude   14° 22' S.
                           Longitude  165° 24' E.
        Noon  Position  -  Latitude   15° 15' S.
                           Longitude  165° 17' E.
        2000  Position  -  Latitude   17° 03' S.
                           Longitude  165° 25' E.
        Course made good  -  153° T.  Distance made good  -  306 miles, 
        noon to noon.

November 5, 1942.
        Steaming as before in company with U.S.S. FULLER.  0930 Entered 
        Segond Channel, Espiritu Santos Island and anchored in 30 fathoms 
        of water.  
        1300 Went alongside U.S.S. GUADALUPE and fueled to capacity. 
        0800  Position  -  Latitude   15° 40' S.
                           Longitude  167° 10' E.
                Course made good  -  153° T.  Distance made good  -  
        306 miles, noon to arrival.  

November 6, 1942.
        Moored starboard side to U.S.S. GUADAUPE in Segond Channel, 
Espiritu Santos Island.  0647 Went alongside U.S.S. CONYNGHAM to 
deliver 3,500 gallons feed water to that vessel.  1035 Underway to 
proceed to Noumea in accordance with ComAirSoPac dispatch 052314 of 
November, 1942.  1650 Overtook U.S.S. DELPHINIUS and reported for duty 
as escort.
        2000  Position  -  Latitude   17° 50' S.
                           Longitude  167° 15' E.

November 7, 1942. 
        Steaming as before. 
        0800  Position  -  Latitude   19° 36' S.
                           Longitude  167° 52.5' E.
        Noon  Position  -  Latitude   20° 17' S.
                           Longitude  168° 15' E.
        2000  Position  -  Latitude   21° 32' S.
                           Longitude  168° 41' E.
        Course made good  -  169° T.  Distance made good  -  290 miles, 
        noon to noon.

November 8, 1942. 
        Steaming as before.  1800 Entered harbor at Noumea, New
Caledonia, and anchored in Berth 48, Dunbea Bay. 
        0800  Position  -  Latitude   23° 21' S.
                           Longitude  167° 54' E.
        Noon  Position  -  Latitude   23° 26' S.
                           Longitude  166° 57' E.
        Course made good  -  201° T.  Distance made good  -  202 miles, 
        noon to noon.

November 9, 1942. 
        Anchored as before.  During morning fueled to capacity and 
replaced torpedoes, depth charges, and ammunition to fill allowance.  
1325 Underway in accordance with ComTaskFor 67 Op Plan 23-42, 
proceeding alone to join remainder of Task Force,
        2000  Position  -  Latitude   21° 41' S.
                           Longitude  164° 35' E.

November 10, 1942. 
        Steaming as before.  1800 Joined Task Force 67, ComTaskFor Rear 
Admiral Turner in U.S.S. MacCAWLEY. 
        0800  Position  -  Latitude   16° 09' S.
                           Longitude  162° 25' E.
        Noon  Position  -  Latitude   16° 31.5' S.
                           Longitude  162° 30' E.
        2000  Position  -  Latitude   14° 12' S.
                           Longitude  162° 43' E.
        Course made good  -  328° T.  Distance made good  -  425 miles, 
        departure to noon.

November 11, 1942. 
        Steaming as before. 
        0800  Position  -  Latitude   11° 40' S.
                           Longitude  162° 55' E.
        Noon  Position  -  Latitude   11° 13' S.
                           Longitude  162° 17' E.
        2000  Position  -  Latitude   10° 30' S.
                           Longitude  161° 03' E.
        Course made good  -  359° T.  Distance made good  -  325 miles, 
        noon to noon.

November 12, 1942. 
        Steaming as before.  0530 Task Force 67 arrived off
Guadalcanal.  Transports commenced unloading with cruisers and
destroyers screening.  0720 U.S.S. HELENA, U.S.S. SHAW and U.S.S. 
BARTON commenced bombardment of enemy positions in vicinity of 
Kokumbona River.  0915 Ceased firing having expended 202 rounds of 5' 
AA common ammunition.  1000 Rejoined transport screen off Point Lunga.  
1235 Went to General Quarters to repel Japanese air attack.  Transports 
got underway screened by combatant ships.  1418 Japanese torpedo 
planes, twin motored, land based type monoplanes, rounded eastern end 
of Florida island and approached starboard bow of convoy.  Convoy 
executed a 90° turn to the left placing planes on starboard quarter.  
Approximately twenty-one planes attacked convoy and dropped torpedoes.  
At least twelve were brought down by the withering barrage set up by 
the cruisers, nine destroyers, and six transports repelling the attack.  
The remaining planes were shot down by shore based aircraft.  The only 
damage of note sustained by the Task Force resulted from a plane 
crashing into secondary control on the U.S.S. SAN FRANCISCO.  One man 
received minor leg injuries on this vessel when a 20 mm shell struck 
the Stores Office, exploded, and sprayed shrapnel about that area.  The
following ammunition was expended by this vessel during the stack: 93 
rounds 5" AA common, 426 rounds 1.1, and 573 rounds of 20 mm.  This 
vessel claims two planes shot down.  At 1445 the SHAW proceeded to 
investigate three planes shot and floating in vicinity of Savo Island.  
All were found to be enemy craft.  Two were destroyed by gunfire.  At 
1525 rejoined transports screen.  At 1600 U.S.S. SHAW with four 
destroyers organized screen to cover retirement of transports through 
Lengo Channel and southward through Indispensable Straits.  Remainder 
of combatant ships were organized as a striking force under Rear 
Admiral Callaghan to remain in the vicinity of Guadalcanal during the 
night. 
        0800  Position  -  Latitude   09° 21' S.
                           Longitude  160° 05' E.
        Noon  Position  -  Latitude   09° 22' S.
                           Longitude  159° 59' E.
        2000  Position  -  Latitude   09° 23' S.
                           Longitude  160° 21' E.
        Course made good  -  308° T.  Distance made good  -  175 miles, 
        noon to noon.

November 13, 1942. 
        Steaming as before covering retirement of transports through 
Indispensable Straits Enroute to Espiritu Santos Island via south and 
west of San Cristobal Island
        0800  Position  -  Latitude   11° 19.5' S.
                           Longitude  162° 02.5' E.
        Noon  Position  -  Latitude   12° 00.3' S.
                           Longitude  162° 31' E.
        2000  Position  -  Latitude   13° 02' S.
                           Longitude  163° 47' E.
        Course made good  -  138° T.  Distance made good  -  215 miles, 
        noon to noon.

November 14, 1942. 
        Steaming as before.
        0800  Position  -  Latitude   14° 10' S.
                           Longitude  166° 05' E.
        Noon  Position  -  Latitude   14° 16' S.
                           Longitude  166° 36' E.
        2000  Position  -  Latitude   14° 38' S.
                           Longitude  168° 03' E.
        Course made good  -  120° T.  Distance made good  -  280 miles, 
        noon to noon.

November 15, 1942. 
        Steaming as before.  0700 Entered Espiritu Santos Harbor, New
Hebrides.  1010 Fueled from U.S.S. TAPPAHANOCK.
        
        Course made good  -  153° T.  Distance made good  -  85 miles,
        noon to arrival.

November 16, 1942. 
        Anchored as before in Espiritu Santos Harbor.  1405 replaced
ammunition and depth charges to full allowance.  1422 Underway in 
company with U.S.S. NICHOLAS proceeding to intercept and escort U.S.S. 
BENHAM and U.S.S. GWIN to Espiritu Santos.  2051 Intercepted U.S.S. 
GWIN with BENHAM personnel on board.  Reversed course and proceeded 
with that vessel toward Espiritu Santos.

November 17, 1942. 
        Steaming as before.  0718 Entered Espiritu Santos Harbor and 
anchored in berth D minus 2.

November 18, 1942.
        Anchored as before.  1600 Submarine reported sighted in the 
harbor.  1658 Underway to set up submarine hunt with U.S.S. NICHOLAS of 
west entrance to harbor.  1800 Arrived on station.

November 19, 1942.
        Steaming as before patrolling off west entrance to Espiritu 
Santos Harbor. 

November 20, 1942.
        Steaming as before patrolling off west entrance to Espiritu 
Santos Harbor.  1842 Received orders from ComAirSoPac to proceed with 
U.S.S. NICHOLAS in company on course 315° T. at best speed.  2045 
Received ordered from ComAirSoPac to return to Espiritu Santos and 
enter harbor at daybreak.

November 21, 1942.
        Steaming as before enroute to Espiritu Santos.  0600 Entered 
Espiritu Santos Harbor and went along side U.S.S. GUADALUPE to fuel.  
0840 Completed fueling.  Shifted to Berth D-1 alongside U.S.S. 
LANSDOWNE.

November 22, 1942.
        Moored as before.

November 23, 1942.
        Moored as before.

November 24, 1942.
        Moored as before.  In accordance with ComSoPac dispatch 230612 
of November, 1942, (NPM 739) this vessel is assigned to duty with Task 
Force 66 under Captain R.B. Briscoe, US Navy.  Task Forcer 66 is 
assigned escort duty. 

November 25, 1942.
        Moored as before.

November 26, 1942.
        Moored as before.

November 27, 1942.
        Moored as before.  0610 Underway for operations with Task Unit 
62.4.6 in accordance with ComTaskFor 62 despatch 260458 of November, 
1942, proceeding to Guadalcanal.  0900 U.S.S. LANSDOWNE, U.S.S. 
GRAYSON, U.S.S. SHAW, and U.S.S. NICHOLAS formed anti-submarine screen 
on U.S.S. NEVILLE, U.S.S. HEYWOOD, U.S.S. PRESIDENT HAYES, and U.S.S. 
FOMALHAUT.  1340 Conduct firing exercises for condition watch gun 
crews.
        Noon  Position  -  Latitude   14° 47' S.
                           Longitude  167° 14' E.
        2000  Position  -  Latitude   13° 39' S.
                           Longitude  166° 00' E.

November 28, 1942.
        Steaming as before in company Task Unit 62.4.6.
        0800  Position  -  Latitude   11° 56' S.
                           Longitude  163° 52' E.
        Noon  Position  -  Latitude   11° 20' S.
                           Longitude  163° 07' E.
        2000  Position  -  Latitude   09° 57' S.
                           Longitude  162° 02' E.
        Course made good  -  315° T.  Distance made good  -  354 miles, 
        Departure to noon.

November 29, 1942.
                Steaming as before in company Task Unit 62.4.6.  0550 Arrived 
off Togoma Point, Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands.  Transports anchored 
and commenced unloading.  Escorts took up screening patrols.  1226 Went 
alongside U.S.S. HEYWOOD and fuel to capacity.  1447 Completed fueling 
and returned to screening station.  1758 Took station to screen U.S.S. 
FOMALHAUT to Tulagi Harbor in company with U.S.S. LANSDOWNE.  1900 
Proceeded in company with U.S.S. LANSDOWNE to patrol area between Savo 
Island and Cape Esperance. 
        Course made good  -  304° T.  Distance made good  -  217 miles, 
        Noon to arrival at Guadalcanal.

November 30, 1942.
        Steaming as before in company with U.S.S. LANSDOWNE patrolling 
between Savo Island and Cape Esperance.  0420 General Quarters.  U.S.S. 
LANSDOWNE made depth charge attack on submarine picked up by QC sound 
equipment.  0425 This vessel made depth charge attack dropp9ing three 
600 lb. and four 300 lb. depth charges on good sound contact.  There 
was slight evidence of oil on surface of water following attack.  0525 
Proceeded to join U.S.S. FOMALHAUT to screen that vessel during it's 
return to Togoma Point.  0610 U.S.S. FOMALHUAT anchored off Togoma 
Point.  This vessel took up anti-submarine patrol.  1748 Took station 
on U.S.S. FOMALHUAT with U.S.S, LANSDOWNE and PC boat screening that 
vessel to Tulagi Harbor.  1845 Took up patrol off Tulagi Harbor after 
other vessels of above group entered Tulagi Harbor.  2325 General 
Quarters.  Observed night action between U.S. and Japanese naval forces 
over the horizon in the area between Savo Island and Point Lunga, 
Guadalcanal.

                                              W. GLENN JONES,
                                                  Commander, U.S. Navy,
                                                  Commanding.


DD373/AS
Serial ( 087 )                                November 27, 1942.

CONFIDENTIAL

From:         The Commanding Officer.
To  :         The Commander-in-Chief, Pacific Fleet.
Via:      (1) The Commander Amphibious Forces, South Pacific.
          (2) Commander South Pacific Forces.

Subject;      Action Report.

Enclosure:    (A) Type Action Report Form.
              (B) Executive Officer's Report.

1.  Report of participation in an anti-aircraft 
action is forwarded herewith.  The remarks of the Executive 
Officer given in Enclosure (B) are confirmed.  Additional
details are given in Enclosure (A).

2.  The conduct of the officers and men under my
Command was commendable.  Although the engagement was the 
First of it's kind for this vessel, everyone performed their 
tasks coolly, quietly and efficiently.

                                W. GLENN JONES.

ANTI-AIRCRAFT ACTION BY SURFACE SHIPS
LOCATION OF SHIP: Guadalcanal Island   USS SHAW (373)
DATE  November 12, 1942  In company with Task Force 67

NOTES:

(a)   REPEL ATTACK FIRST - Then collect data for this report.
(b)   Do not "Gun Deck" this report - if data cannot be estimated with 
      reasonable accuracy enter dash in space for which no data is available.
(c)   These sheets are to be filled out immediately after action is completed 
      with available data from ship's log, memory, and consultation with  
      ship's officers. Information is essential in order that the 
      effectiveness of our equipment can be determined. Where data is of 
      doubtful accuracy fill in with general terms. The obtaining or this 
      information must not be allowed in any way to adversely affect the 
      handling of equipment during action.

 1.   SURPRISE ATTACK (Yes or No):  No
 2.   METHOD PICKING PLANE UP (Radar, binoculars, naked eye): Binoculars.
      (if by radar state type of set) - - - 
 3.   RANGE PLANE WAS PICKED UP (50 miles, 30 miles, 10 miles, less 5 miles):  
      10 MILES
 4.   Number of planes: 20 to 24 (2) torpedoes passed vicinity of SHAW.  
      Planes strafed as the attack turned off to right)
 5.   Type of plane (fighter, Scout, dive-bomber): Twin-engined torpedo 
      planes. 
      Type of attack: Torpedo
 6.   Speed & Altitude (High and fast, intermediate and fast, low and fast, 
      high and slow, intermediate and slow, low and slow): 50 to 100 feet - 
      Intermediate to slow speed.
 7.   Guns Firing: All Size: 5"/38; 1.1"/75/20mm Number: 4-5"; 1.1" 
      mount;420mm 
      Method of control: 5"/38Director   Method spotting: Tracked from 8,000 
      to 5,000 - Then shifted to fixed barrage.
 8.   Ammunition expended: 93 rounds 5°/38; 426 rounds 1.1"/75; 573 rounds 
      20mm
 9.   Percent service allowance expended: 10% 5"; 5% 101/75; 5% 20mm
10.   Approximate time tracking to first shot: 1½ minutes
11.   Approximate time of first hits: ---------------
12.   Approximate time first shot to last shot: 1'-15"
13.   Approximate position angle open fire: 1°
14.   Approximate position cease fire: 3°
15.   Approximate bearing first shot: 90° relative
16.   Approximate bearing last shot: 50° relative
17.   Approximate range first shot: 8,000 yards
18.   Approximate range last shot: 1,200 yds. - (Min fuze 2 sec - 1,700yds)
19.   Approximate altitude of bomb release: No bombs
      Type of bomb: - - - 
20.   Approximate Range Torpedo Release: 3,000 yds.  Size: - - -
21.   Hits on ship: None  Was ship strafed: Yes
      SIZE GUN: 7.7MM
22.   Number near bomb misses: - - -  Casualties from near misses: - -
23.   Planes shot down: (Sure) 2  (Possible) 1   (Damaged) 3 
24.   Details of damage to target by gunfire if available:  SHAW'S position 
      at head of convoy was ideal.  Planes turned across ship after releasing 
      torpedoes, making them close range targets for the 1.1 and 20MM guns.  
      The barrage laid down by all ships undoubtedly was the most important 
      faster in countering the attack.  It prevented accurate dropping of 
      torpedoes and as a result no ships were hit.
25.   Performance of ammunition (excellent, good, bad, poor):  Excellent
26.   Pattern sizes (large, small excessive):  Normal

SKETCH
(a)   Indicate direction of attack relative to ship's bearing.
(b)   Show relative position of sun.
(c.)  Indicate own maneuvers..

DD373/AS
Serial ( 087 )                                November 27, 1942.

CONFIDENTIAL

From:         The Commanding Officer.
To  :         The Commander-in-Chief, Pacific Fleet.
Via:      (1) The Commander Amphibious Forces, South Pacific.
          (2) Commander South Pacific Forces.

Subject;      Action Report.

Enclosure:    (A) Type Action Report Form.
              (B) Executive Officer's Report.

1.  Report of participation in an anti-aircraft 
action is forwarded herewith.  The remarks of the Executive 
Officer given in Enclosure (B) are confirmed.  Additional
details are given in Enclosure (A).

2.  The conduct of the officers and men under my
Command was commendable.  Although the engagement was the 
First of it's kind for this vessel, everyone performed their 
tasks coolly, quietly and efficiently.

                                W. GLENN JONES.


DD373/AS November 27, 1942. C-O-N-F-I-D-E-N-T-I-A-L From: The Executive Officer. To : The Commanding Officer. Subject; Action Report. 1. On November 12, 1942, this vessel took part in repelling an aircraft torpedo attack on Task Force 67 at Guadalcanal. General Quarters stations were manned at about 1345when word when word of impending attack was received. At 1418, when the Japanese torpedo planes rounded the eastern end of Florida Island this vessel was in screening station as shown in sketch of Type Action Report. As the planes approached the Task Force executed a ninety degree turn to the left placing the planes on the starboard quarter. The planes were tracked deliberately and methodically by all ships. This vessel opened fire with 5" guns at 9,000 yards. The combined fire of all ships set up a withering barrage which forced the attacking planes to maneuver violently to avoid being hit. This undoubtedly was the controlling factor in disturbing the attackers aim to such an extent that no torpedo hits were scored on the convoy. As the planes closed fire was opened with short range weapons. The planes passed well within range of the 20mm guns. The effect of the short range weapons was deadly. Of the twenty to twenty-four planes that attacked the formation no more than nine or ten escaped and these were later overtaken and destroyed by friendly fighters. 2. No important damage was sustained by this vessel. One man received minor leg injuries when a 20mm shell struck the Stores Office, exploded and sprayed shrapnel about the area. 3. The following ammunition was expended during the attack: 93 rounds 5: AA common 426 rounds 1.1" 573 rounds 20mm N.E. CROFT. Lieutenant, U.S. Navy.


History of the U.S.S. SHAW DD-373



                                    Mahan Class
                             Completed - 1936 - 37

DD 364 MAHAN
DD 365 CUMMINGS
DD 366 DRAYTON
DD 367 LAMSON
DD 368 FLUSSER
DD 369 REID
DD 370 CASE
DD 371 CONYGHAM
DD 372 CASSIN*
DD 373 SHAW
DD 374 TUCKER
DD 375 DOWNES*
DD 376 CUSHING
DD 377 PREKINS
DD 378 SMITH
DD 379 PRESTON
DD 384 DUNLAP
DD 385 FANNING

Notes:
     * These units rebuilt in 1944

Dimensions

Displacement:
   1,500 tons (stand)
   2,200 tons (Mean War Service)
Length: 344' (oa)
Beam: 35
Draft: 13' (max)

Armament

4 5"/ 38 DP
2 40mm twins (none on DD 366)
5 20mm
2 DC tracks
4 DC projectors
3 21" TT (quads)

Propulsion

Speed: 35 knots (max)
Max. Cruising radius:
  2,600 miles @ 25 knots 
  6,100 miles @15 knots
Horsepower: 50,0000 (shaft)
Drive: 2 screws; geared turbine
Fuel: 544 tons oil (max)

Remarks:
      Generally known before the war as the MAHAN Class, the CUMMINGS 
and her sisters represent a modified FARRAGUT design, with a heavier 
torpedo armament.  As first commissioned, they mounted 5-5" /- 38 guns 
in single shield and open mounts, and were fitted with a tripod 
foremast and pole mainmast, stepped right abaft the after-stack.  The 
need for increased close-defense armament during the war resulted in 
removing one 5"-gun and reducing the masts to a single pole foremast.

      Three of the units, the CUSHING (DD 372), SHAW (DD 373) and 
DOWNES (DD 375) were seriously damaged at Pearl Harbor and restored 
after elaborate reconstruction.

      The DUNLAP and FANNING are practically sisters of the CUMMINGS 
from which they differ in having enclosed single mounts for their 
forward guns instead of shields.  This type 5"-gun mount made its 
first appearance in U.S. destroyers in these two units.


War losses include:
DD 364 MANHAN (original name-ship of this class)
DD 369 REID 
DD 374 TUCKER 
DD 376 CUSHING 
DD 377 PREKINS
DD 379 PRESTON


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