AP-37 U.S.S. PRESIDENT JACKSON
War Diary and Action Reports November 1942,

                                    SECRET
               
                                   WAR DIARY

                           U.S.S. PRESIDENT JACKSON
                                    (UNIT)   

    FROM  C. W. WEITZEL                TO  Chief of Naval Operations  
        Commander, U.S.N., Condg.          (Office of Naval Records
                                               And Library)


REPORT FOR COMMANDER COMBAT TROOP TRANSPORT AP37.
Operating under Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Pacific Fleet.


TASK ORGANIZATION:
    Task Force 62, Transdiv 2.


Changes:


November 1, 1942.

G.C.T.    L.W.T/(LTC)
1200       0000        Steaming singly enroute Tongatabu to Noumea,
                       New Caledonia.

1708       0508        General Quarters.

1800       0600        Secured from General Quarters.

1850       0650        Set special sea detail, standing into Noumea
                       Harbor

1915       0905        Retarded clocks one hour to zone minus eleven time.

2205       0905        Anchored in berth # 39, Noumea Harbor.

0008       1108        Underway to shift berths.

0059       1159        Moored to Grand Quay.

0410       1510        Commenced unloading 68th Fighter Squadron, U.S.
                       Army Air Corps, and equipment.

1140       2240        Completed unloading.

1300       2400        Wind NE, force 3, Weather rainy, visibility poor.

REPORT FOR COMMANDER COMBAT TROOP TRANSPORT AP37.
Operating under Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Pacific Fleet.


TASK ORGANIZATION:
    Task Force 62, Transdiv 2.


Changes:


November 2, 1942.

G.C.T.    L.W.T/(LTC)
1300       0000        Moored starboard side to Grand Quay, Noumea,
                       New Caledonia.

1720       0420        Officers and men of 68th Pursuit Squadron, U.S.
                       Army left ship.

2000       0700        Commenced taking aboard 1st Battalion, 182nd
                       Infantry, the 245th Field Artillery, 101st
                       Medical Regiment, all U.S. Army, and loading
                       Their supplies and equipment.

1300       2400        Continuing loading operations.  Wind NE, Force
                       1, Weather clear, visibility good.


REPORT FOR COMMANDER COMBAT TROOP TRANSPORT AP37.
Operating under Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Pacific Fleet.


TASK ORGANIZATION:
    Task Force 62, Transdiv 2.


Changes:


November 3, 1942.

G.C.T.    L.W.T/(LTC)
1100       0000        Moored starboard side to Grand Quay, Noumea,
                       New Caledonia.  Loading operations in progress,
                       taking aboard equipment of 1st Battalion, 182nd
                       Infantry, 245th Field Artillery and 101st Medical
                       Regiment, all U.S. Army.

1330       0220        Completed loading operations.

1839       0739        Underway to shift berths.

2005       0905        Anchored in berth # 50, Noumea Harbor, New
                       Caledonia.

02296      1329        Underway to shift berths.

0310       1410        Moored starboard side to U.S.S. Sabine, to
                       receive fuel.

0352       1452        Commenced fueling.

0505       1605        Completed fueling.

0535       1635        Underway to shift berths.

0553       1653        Anchored in berth # 50, Noumea Harbor, New
                       Caledonia.

1300       2400        Wind ESE, Force 2, Weather cloudy, Visibility
                       good.


REPORT FOR COMMANDER COMBAT TROOP TRANSPORT AP37.
Operating under Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Pacific Fleet.


TASK ORGANIZATION:
    Task Force 62, Transdiv 2.


Changes:


November 4, 1942.

G.C.T.    L.W.T/(LTC)
1300       0000        Anchored in Noumea Harbor, New Caledonia.

2000       0700        Received message "Prepare for Emergency Sortie"
                       Made preparations to get underway in short notice.
                       Enemy carrier reported off Loyalty Islands.

2230       0930        Set Condition I-A to drill troops in debarkation.

2300       1000        Ship placed under 1 hour sailing notice.

2345       1045        Secured from 1 hour sailing notice to 12 hour
                       notice.

0120       1220        Captain I.N. Kiland, U.S.N. transferred his
                       flag as Commander Transport Davison Two to
                       this vessel from U.S.S. CRESENT CITY.

1300       2400        Wind E, Force 3, Weather clear, Visibility very
                       good.


REPORT FOR COMMANDER COMBAT TROOP TRANSPORT AP37.
Operating under Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Pacific Fleet.


TASK ORGANIZATION:
    Task Force 62, Transdiv 2.


Changes:


November 5, 1942.

G.C.T.    L.W.T/(LTC)
1300       0000        Anchored in Noumea Harbor, New Caledonia.

2100       0800        Set Condition I-A.  Conducted troop 
                       embarkation exercise.  Seven enlisted men
                       reported aboard for duty with flag allowance
                       of Commander Transdiv 2.

1300       2400        Wind SE, force 4, weather rainy, visibility
                       fair.


REPORT FOR COMMANDER COMBAT TROOP TRANSPORT AP37.
Operating under Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Pacific Fleet.


TASK ORGANIZATION:
    Task Force 62, Transdiv 2.


Changes:


November 6, 1942.

G.C.T.    L.W.T/(LTC)
1300       0000        Anchored in Noumea Harbor, New Caledonia.

2200       0900        Set Condition I-A to drill troop in 
                       debarkation.

1300       2400        Wind ESE, Force 3, Weather clear, Visibility
                       fair.


REPORT FOR COMMANDER COMBAT TROOP TRANSPORT AP37.
Operating under Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Pacific Fleet.


TASK ORGANIZATION:
    Task Force 62, Transdiv 2.


Changes:


November 7, 1942.

G.C.T.    L.W.T/(LTC)
1300       0000        Anchored in Noumea Harbor, New Caledonia.

0005       1105        Two officers reported aboard for duty with
                       flag allowance of Commander, Transdiv 2.

1300       2400        Wind E, Force 1, Weather cloudy, Visibility poor.


REPORT FOR COMMANDER COMBAT TROOP TRANSPORT AP37.
Operating under Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Pacific Fleet.


TASK ORGANIZATION:
    Task Force 62, Transdiv 2.


Changes:  Joined Task Force 67, Task Group 67.1 (U.S.S. McCAWLEY
          CRESCENT CITY, PRESIDENT JACKSON, PRESIDENT ADAMS)


November 8, 1942.

G.C.T.    L.W.T/(LTC)
1300       0000        Anchored in Noumea Harbor, New Caledonia.

2135       0835        Detachment of 3 officers, 280 men of 4th
                       Replacement Battalion, U.S.M.C. came aboard.

0502       1602        Underway enroute to Guadalcanal, Solomon Island,
                       to land Marine and Army troops on board.

1300       2400        Wind E, Force 1, Weather cloudy, visibility good.


REPORT FOR COMMANDER COMBAT TROOP TRANSPORT AP37.
Operating under Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Pacific Fleet.


TASK ORGANIZATION:
    Task Force 67, 
    Task Group 67.1 (U.S.S. McCAWLEY, CRESCENT CITY, PRESIDENT 
    JACKSON, PRESIDENT ADAMS)

Changes:   


November 9, 1942.

G.C.T.    L.W.T/(LTC)
1300       0000        Steaming with Task Unit 67.1 enroute Noumea,
                       New Caledonia to Guadalcanal.

1716       0416        General Quarters.

1817       0517        Secured from General Quarters.

2100       0800        Position 21°-02' South, 163°-45' East.

0100       1200        Position 20°-25' South, 163°-14' East.

0300       1400        Conducted exercises, training anti-aircraft
                       guns on Cruiser Planes which simulated bombing
                       attacks.

0900       2000        Position18°-55' South, 162°-39' East.

1300       2400        Wind E, Force 2, Weather cloudy, Visibility
                       excellent, Course made good 302°, Average
                       speed 12.69 knots.       


REPORT FOR COMMANDER COMBAT TROOP TRANSPORT AP37.
Operating under Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Pacific Fleet.


TASK ORGANIZATION:
    Task Force 67, 
    Task Group 67.1 (U.S.S. McCAWLEY, CRESCENT CITY, PRESIDENT 
    JACKSON, PRESIDENT ADAMS)

Changes:   


November 10, 1942.

G.C.T.    L.W.T/(LTC)
1300       0000        Steaming with Task Unit 67.1 enroute Noumea,
                       New Caledonia to Guadalcanal.

1800       0500        General Quarters.

1828       0528        Secured from General Quarters.

2100       0800        Position 16°27' South, 162°32' East.

0100       1200        Position 15°40' South, 162°37' East.

0210       1310        Exercised crew on battle problem.

0257       1357        Secured from battle problem.

0745       1845        Held Recognition Signal drill with ships of
                       Task Force 67.

0900       2000        Position 14°08' South, 162°-54' East.

1300       2400        Wind SE, Force 4, Weather cloudy, Visibility
                       good, Course made good 352°.  Average Speed 12.33
                       knots.


REPORT FOR COMMANDER COMBAT TROOP TRANSPORT AP37.
Operating under Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Pacific Fleet.


TASK ORGANIZATION:
    Task Force 67.
    Task Group 67.1 (U.S.S McCAWLEY, CRESCENT CITY, PRESIDENT JACKSON,
    PRESIDENT ADAMS)


Changes:


November 11, 1942.

G.C.T.    L.W.T/(LTC)
1300       0000        Steaming with Task Unit 67.1 enroute Noumea, 
                       New Caledonia to Guadalcanal.

1800       0500        General Quarters.

1855       0555        Secured from General Quarters, Set Condition II.

2100       0800        Position 11°42' South,  162°53' East.

0000       1100        Captain's Mast.

0049       1149        Strange aircraft reported, identified as enemy,
                       Type Aichi Ai, 04 Reconnaissance.

0100       1200        Position 11°16' South,  162°16' East.

0246       1346        Series of emergency turns on order of OTC.

0318       1418        Destroyer escort dropping depth charges.

0732       1832        Assumed approach disposition for approach to
                       Guadalcanal.

0900       2000        Position 10°27' South,  161°07' East.

1300       2400        Wind E, Force 3, Weather cloudy, Visibility good,
                       Course made good 355°, Average Speed 12.29 knots.


REPORT FOR COMMANDER COMBAT TROOP TRANSPORT AP37.
Operating under Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Pacific Fleet.


TASK ORGANIZATION:
    Task Force 67.
    Task Group 67.1 (U.S.S McCAWLEY, CRESCENT CITY, PRESIDENT JACKSON,
    PRESIDENT ADAMS)


Changes:


November 12, 1942.

G.C.T.    L.W.T/(LTC)
1300       0000        Steaming with Task Unit 67.1 enroute Noumea,
                       New Caledonia to Guadalcanal.

1413       0113        Executed emergency turn left 45° when destroyer
                       screen detected enemy submarine and opened fire
                       on it.  Destroyer continued to press this attack.

1600       0300        General Quarters.

1643       0343        Entered Lengo Channel.

1745       0445        Set Condition I-A, prepared all boats for
                       lowering.

1845       0545        Anchored 600 yards off Lunga Point, Guadalcanal.

1849       0549        Support and screening vessels dropping depth
                       charges about 4 miles distance.

1850       0550        Lowered all boats, disembarked beach party, and
                       4th Replacement Battalion, U.S.M.C., Which
                       shoved off for beach.

1901       0601        First wave of 182nd Infantry, U.S. Army, 
                       disembarked and shoved off for beach.

1910       0610        Second wave of Army personnel disembarked and
                       shoved off for beach.

1917       0617        Third wave Army personnel disembarked and
                       shoved off for beach.

1930       0630        All troops off ship, including 4th Replacement
                       Battalion, U.S.M.C., THE 1ST Battalion, 182nd
                                    Infantry, 245th Field Artillery Battalion and
                       101st Medical Regiment, U.S. Army.  Commenced
                       unloading equipment belonging to these troops.

1943       0643        Large caliber shell fired by Japanese shore
                       battery at Kokumbona Point exploded about
                       100 yards off the port bow of U.S.S. McCAWLEY,
                       anchored about 2000 yards from us.

2022       0722        Kokumbona shore battery fired another shot,
                       explosion of which was not seen from this ship.
                       The battery was located by our planes.

2028       0728        Friendly cruiser opened fire on shore battery.

2048       0748        Destroyers and cruisers firing on shore battery.
                       Planes spotting.

2105       0805        Friendly plane engaged in spotting burst into
                       flames and plunged into jungle.

2308       1008        Destroyers opened fire on aircraft on port bow.
                       Sounded general alarm, commenced heaving up
                       anchor.  Opened fire on planes.

2310       1010        Planes identified as friendly, ceased firing and
                       heaving around on anchor; resumed unloading.

0120       1220        Four friendly destroyers commenced shelling beach
                       at Tassaforonga Point, firing on beached Japanese
                       landing boats, several fires started.

0220       1320        Received signal by flag hoist to prepare to repel
                       air attack; ceased unloading, sounded general
                       quarters, commenced heaving around on anchor,
                       shoved all boats off for beach.

0232       1332        Underway taking position 1000 yards on port beam
                       of U.S.S. CRESCENT CITY.

0238       1338        Took position 1000 on the port beam of U.S.S.
                       McCAWLEY.  Support and screening vessels took
                       Stations surrounding transports.

0251       1351        Received word that 30 enemy planes were due to
                       arrive about 1430.

0311       1411        Sighted about 18 enemy torpedo bombers, thought 
                       to be Mitsubishi Type 96.  They came in from 
                       the northeast at low altitudes, in several
                       separate formations.  On approaching, the
                       formations split up to attack separate ships.

0312       1412        This ship opened fire with all guns that would
                       bear.  Practically all of the enemy planes were
                       destroyed.  It is believed that the gun fire
                       from this ship brought down two planes.  A burning
                       plane crashed on after part of U.S.S. SAN FRANCISCO
                       and then bounced off into water.  Action lasted till
                       1417.

0357       1457        "All Clear" signal received from shore station.

0426       1526        Anchored off Lunga Point and resumed unloading.

0630       1730        Received 28 "burn casualties" from U.S.S. SAN
                       FRANCISCO, many of them in critical condition.

0700       1800        Ceased unloading, having unloaded all cargo except
                       six Bren-Gun carriers.

0740       1840        Underway with Task Unit 67.1 enroute from
                       Guadalcanal.  U.S.S. BETELGEUSE and U.S.S. LIBRA
                       Joined formation.

1300       2400        Wind E, Force2, Weather cloudy, Visibility good.


REPORT FOR COMMANDER COMBAT TROOP TRANSPORT AP37.
Operating under Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Pacific Fleet.


TASK ORGANIZATION:
    Task Force 67.
    Task Group 67.1 (U.S.S McCAWLEY, CRESCENT CITY, PRESIDENT JACKSON,
    PRESIDENT ADAMS)


Changes:


November 13, 1942.

G.C.T.    L.W.T/(LTC)
1300       0000        Steaming with Task Unit 67.1, plus U.S.S. LIBRA
                       and U.S.S. BETELGEUSE enroute from Guadalcanal.

1740       0440        General Quarters.

1840       0540        Secured from General Quarters.

2100       0800        Position 11°26' South,  162°01' East.

0100       1200        Position 11°58' South,  162°34' East.

0200       1300        Funeral services held on fan tail for six men
                       who died after being taken on board from U.S.S.
                       SAN FRANCISCO.  Full Military honors rendered.

0900       2000        Position 13°02' South,  163°43' East.

1230       2330        Forward lookouts reported submarine 300 yards
                       to port.  Report could not be verified because
                       of heavy rain squall which set in.

1300       2400        Wind ESE, Force 3, Weather cloudy, Visibility
                       poor, Course made good 134°, Average Speed 13.28
                       knots.


REPORT FOR COMMANDER COMBAT TROOP TRANSPORT AP37.
Operating under Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Pacific Fleet.


TASK ORGANIZATION:
    Task Force 67.
    Task Group 67.1 (U.S.S McCAWLEY, CRESCENT CITY, PRESIDENT JACKSON,
    PRESIDENT ADAMS)


Changes:


November 14, 1942.

G.C.T.    L.W.T/(LTC)
1300       0000        Steaming with Task Unit 67.1 enroute Guadalcanal
                       to Espiritu Santo.

1730       0430        General Quarters.

1816       0516        Secured from General Quarters.

2100       0800        Position 14°17' South,  165°52' East.

0100       1200        Position 14°16' South,  166°32' East.

0330       1430        Funeral services conducted for a seaman who
                       died aboard this vessel as a result of burns
                       sustained while on the U.S.S. SAN FRANCISCO.

0900       2000        Position 14°35' South,  167°57' East.

1300       2400        Wind ESE, Force 4, Weather rainy, Visibility
                       poor, course made good 118°, Average speed 11.92
                       knots.


REPORT FOR COMMANDER COMBAT TROOP TRANSPORT AP37.
Operating under Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Pacific Fleet.


TASK ORGANIZATION:
    Task Force 67.
    Task Group 67.1 (U.S.S McCAWLEY, CRESCENT CITY, PRESIDENT JACKSON,
    PRESIDENT ADAMS)


Changes:


November 15, 1942.

G.C.T.    L.W.T/(LTC)
1300       0000        Steaming with Task Unit 67.1 enroute Guadalcanal
                       to Espiritu Santo.

1730       0430        General Quarters.

1809       0509        Secured from General Quarters.

1928       0628        Anchored in Pekoa Channel, Espiritu Santo.

1300       2400        Wind ESE, Force 2, Weather cloudy, Visibility
                       good, course made good 158°, Average speed 11.99
                       knots.


REPORT FOR COMMANDER COMBAT TROOP TRANSPORT AP37.
Operating under Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Pacific Fleet.


TASK ORGANIZATION:
    Task Force 67.
    Task Group 67.1 (U.S.S McCAWLEY, CRESCENT CITY, PRESIDENT JACKSON,
    PRESIDENT ADAMS)


Changes:


November 16, 1942.

G.C.T.    L.W.T/(LTC)
1300       0000        Anchored in Pekoa Channel, Espiritu Santo.

1840       0540        Underway to go alongside tanker.

2018       0718        Moored port side to U.S.S. GUADALUPE, Oil Tanker.

2044       0744        Commenced receiving fuel from tanker.

2135       0835        Ceased receiving fuel.

2158       0858        Underway from alongside tanker.

2210       0910        Anchored in new berth, Pekoa Channel.

1300       2400        Wind ESE, Force 2, weather clear, Visibility
                       very good.


REPORT FOR COMMANDER COMBAT TROOP TRANSPORT AP37.
Operating under Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Pacific Fleet.


TASK ORGANIZATION:
    Task Force 67.
    Task Group 67.1 (U.S.S McCAWLEY, CRESCENT CITY, PRESIDENT JACKSON,
    PRESIDENT ADAMS)


Changes:  Detached from Task Force 67, Task Group 67.1, joined
          Task Force 62, Task Unit 62.6 (U.S.S McCAWLEY, PRESIDENT 
          JACKSON, CRESCENT CITY, PRESIDENT ADAMS)



November 17, 1942.

G.C.T.    L.W.T/(LTC)
1300       0000        Anchored in Pekoa Channel, Espiritu Santo.

1905       0605        Underway with Task Unit 62.6 enroute Espiritu
                       Santo to Noumea, New Caledonia.

1959       0659        General Quarters.

2013       0713        Secured from General Quarters.

0100       1200        Position 16°16' South, 167°51' East.

0200       1300        Exercised crew at Fire Quarters.

0900       2000        Position 17°42' South, 167°32' East.

1300       2400        Wind SE, Force 2, Weather cloudy, Visibility 
                       good.

REPORT FOR COMMANDER COMBAT TROOP TRANSPORT AP37.
Operating under Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Pacific Fleet.


TASK ORGANIZATION:
    Task Force 62.
    Task Group 62.6 (U.S.S McCAWLEY, CRESCENT CITY, PRESIDENT JACKSON,
    PRESIDENT ADAMS)


Changes:


November 18, 1942.

G.C.T.    L.W.T/(LTC)
1300       0000        Steaming with Task Unit 62.6 enroute Espiritu
                       Santo to Noumea, New Caledonia.

1715       0415        General Quarters.

1815       0515        Secured from General Quarters.

2100       0800        Position 20°02' South, 167°07' East.

2200       0900        Conducted battle problem, with emphasis on
                       damage control.

2234       0934        Secured from Battle Problem.

0100       1200        Position 20°47' South, 168°18' East.

0252       1352        General Quarters for gunnery practice.

0305       1435        Secured from General Quarters and gunnery practice.

0900       2000        Position 22°22' South, 168°15' East.

1300       2400        Wind E, Force 3, Weather cloudy, Visibility
                       good, Course made good 175°, Average speed 12.17 knots


REPORT FOR COMMANDER COMBAT TROOP TRANSPORT AP37.
Operating under Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Pacific Fleet.


TASK ORGANIZATION:
    Transdiv 2 (U.S.S PRESIDENT JACKSON, CRESCENT CITY, 
    PRESIDENT ADAMS)


Changes:  Detached from Task Unit 62.6


November 19, 1942.

G.C.T.    L.W.T/(LTC)
1300       0000        Steaming with Task Unit 62.6 enroute Espiritu
                       Santo to Noumea, New Caledonia.

1715       0415        General Quarters.

1757       0457        Secured from General Quarters.

2100       0800        Position 22°40' South, 166°26' East.

2339       1039        Anchored in Dumbea Bay, Noumea, New Caledonia.

0400       1500        Transferred 23 ambulatory patients to U.S. Naval
                       Dispensary, Noumea.

0441       1541        Underway to shift berths.

0500       1600        Anchored in new berth.

1300       2400        Wind SE, Force 1, Weather cloudy, Visibility
                       good, course made good 228°, Average Speed 12.56
                       knots.


REPORT FOR COMMANDER COMBAT TROOP TRANSPORT AP37.
Operating under Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Pacific Fleet.


TASK ORGANIZATION:
    Transdiv 2 (U.S.S PRESIDENT JACKSON, CRESCENT CITY,
    PRESIDENT ADAMS)


Changes:  


November 20, 1942.

G.C.T.    L.W.T/(LTC)
1300       0000        Anchored in Dumbea Bay, Noumea, New Caledonia.

2215       0915        Transferred 15 patients to U.S. Navel Dispensary,
                       Noumea.

1300       2400        Wind SSE, Force 2, Weather cloudy, Visibility good.


REPORT FOR COMMANDER COMBAT TROOP TRANSPORT AP37.
Operating under Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Pacific Fleet.


TASK ORGANIZATION:
    Transdiv 2 (U.S.S PRESIDENT JACKSON, CRESCENT CITY,
    PRESIDENT ADAMS)


Changes:  


November 21, 1942.

G.C.T.    L.W.T/(LTC)
1300       0000        Anchored in Dumbea Bay, Noumea, New Caledonia.

2100       0800        Regular port routine carried out.

1300       2400        Wind W, Force 2, Weather cloudy, Visibility
                       good.


REPORT FOR COMMANDER COMBAT TROOP TRANSPORT AP37.
Operating under Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Pacific Fleet.


TASK ORGANIZATION:
    Transdiv 2 


Changes:  


November 22, 1942.

G.C.T.    L.W.T/(LTC)
1300       0000        Anchored in Dumbea Bay, Noumea, New Caledonia.

2100       0800        Regular port routine carried out.

1300       2400        Wind SW, Force 2, Weather clear, Visibility
                       good.


REPORT FOR COMMANDER COMBAT TROOP TRANSPORT AP37.
Operating under Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Pacific Fleet.


TASK ORGANIZATION:
    Transdiv 2 


Changes:  


November 23, 1942.

G.C.T.    L.W.T/(LTC)
1300       0000        Anchored in Dumbea Bay, Noumea, New Caledonia.

0300       1400        Commenced receiving on board troops of the 132nd 
                       Infantry.  This continued until 1710.

1300       2400        Wind W, Force 1, Weather cloudy, Visibility good.


REPORT FOR COMMANDER COMBAT TROOP TRANSPORT AP37.
Operating under Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Pacific Fleet.


TASK ORGANIZATION:
    Transdiv 2 


Changes:  


November 24, 1942.

G.C.T.    L.W.T/(LTC)
1300       0000        Anchored in Dumbea Bay, Noumea, New Caledonia.

1841       0541        Underway enroute to Grand Quay, Noumea.

2010       0710        Moored starboard side to Grand Quay, Noumea.

2030       0730        Commenced receiving aboard troops of 132nd
                       Infantry and loading their equipment.

1155       2255        Completed loading of equipment.

1300       2400        Wind ENE, Force 1, Weather cloudy, Visibility
                       good.


REPORT FOR COMMANDER COMBAT TROOP TRANSPORT AP37.
Operating under Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Pacific Fleet.


TASK ORGANIZATION:
    Transdiv 2 


Changes:  


November 25, 1942.

G.C.T.    L.W.T/(LTC)
1300       0000        Moored starboard side to Grand Quay, 
                       Noumea, New Caledonia.

1913       0613        Underway from Grand Quay.

2019       0719        Anchored in Dumbea Bay, Noumea, New Caledonia.

2300       1000        Conducted embarkation drill for troops.

1300       2400        No Wind, weather cloudy, Visibility poor.


REPORT FOR COMMANDER COMBAT TROOP TRANSPORT AP37.
Operating under Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Pacific Fleet.


TASK ORGANIZATION:
    Transdiv 2 


Changes:  


November 26, 1942.

G.C.T.    L.W.T/(LTC)
1300       0000        Anchored in Dumbea Bay, Noumea, New Caledonia.

1913       0613        Underway from Grand Quay.

2230       0930        Conducted embarkation drill for troops.

1300       2400        No Wind, weather cloudy, Visibility good.


REPORT FOR COMMANDER COMBAT TROOP TRANSPORT AP37.
Operating under Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Pacific Fleet.


TASK ORGANIZATION:
    Transdiv 2 


Changes:  


November 27, 1942.

G.C.T.    L.W.T/(LTC)
1300       0000        Anchored in Dumbea Bay, Noumea, New Caledonia.

2247       0947        Exercised crew at Abandon Ship Drill.

2300       1000        Exercised Ship's Rescue Party at drill.

1300       2400        Wind NE, Force 1, Weather clear, Visibility good.


REPORT FOR COMMANDER COMBAT TROOP TRANSPORT AP37.
Operating under Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Pacific Fleet.


TASK ORGANIZATION:
    Task Force 62.
    Task Group 62.4.8 (U.S.S PRESIDENT JACKSON, CRESCENT CITY, 
    PRESIDENT ADAMS)

Changes:  Joined Task Force 62, Task Group 62.4.8 (U.S.S PRESIDENT 
          JACKSON, CRESCENT CITY, PRESIDENT ADAMS)



November 28, 1942.

G.C.T.    L.W.T/(LTC)
1300       0000        Anchored in Dumbea Bay, Noumea, New Caledonia.

2203       0903        Exercised crew at Abandon Ship Drill and exercised 
                       Ship's Rescue Party at drill.

1300       2400        Wind NNE, Force 1, Weather clear, Visibility 
                       good.


REPORT FOR COMMANDER COMBAT TROOP TRANSPORT AP37.
Operating under Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Pacific Fleet.


TASK ORGANIZATION:
    Task Force 62.
    Task Group 62.4.8 (U.S.S PRESIDENT JACKSON, CRESCENT CITY, 
    PRESIDENT ADAMS)


Changes:  


November 29, 1942.

G.C.T.    L.W.T/(LTC)
1300       0000        Anchored in Dumbea Bay, Noumea, New Caledonia.

2100       0800        Regular port routine carried out.

1300       2400        Wind E, Force 1, Weather clear, Visibility good.


REPORT FOR COMMANDER COMBAT TROOP TRANSPORT AP37.
Operating under Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Pacific Fleet.


TASK ORGANIZATION:
    Task Force 62.
    Task Group 62.4.8 (U.S.S PRESIDENT JACKSON, CRESCENT CITY, 
    PRESIDENT ADAMS)


Changes:  


November 30, 1942.

G.C.T.    L.W.T/(LTC)
1300       0000        Anchored in Dumbea Bay, Noumea, New Caledonia.

2200       0900        Exercised crew at Fire Quarter, simulated fire
                       in starboard side of mess hall.

1300       2400        Wind E, Force 3, Weather clear, Visibility good.





ACTION REPORT USS PRESIDENT JACKSON AP-37 SERIAL 074 14 November 1942 Air attack off Guadalcanal, Solomon Island, 12 November 1942, Report of. Report of Cdr. C.W. Weitzel covers Air Attack at 1412 while unloading troops off Lunga Ppoint, Guadalcanal, operating in Task Force 67 as Flagship of Task Group 67.1 (Commander Transport Division 2, Capt. I.N. Kiland). AP37/A16-3 10/Bs Serial ( 74 ) U.S.S. PRESIDENT JACKSON Nov. 14, 1942 From: The Commanding Officer. To : The Commander-in-Chief, Pacific Fleet. Via : (1) The Commander Task Force 67. (2) The Commander, South Pacific Force. Subject: Report of action off Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands November l2, 1942. Reference: (a) ComTaskFor 67-OP-Plan A23-42. Enclosure: (A) Report for Anti-aircraft action by surface ships. (B) Action Report with enclosures (A) and (B), prepared by Comdr. E.P. Abernethy, USN (Exec.Off). 1. This ship, together with other units of Task Force 67, arrived in the Transport Area off Lunga Point, Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands at 0530, 12 November, 1942. The PRESIDENT JACKSON was flagship of Commander Task Group 67,1 (Commander Transport Division Two) with Captain I.N. KILAND USN. embarked. Other units of this group were USS Mc CAWLEY, USS CRESCENT CITY, PRESIDENT ADAMS, ComTaskFor 67 in Mc CAWLEY. 2. Immediately upon arrival, troop units consisting of the 1st Battalion 182nd Infantry, 245th Field Artillery Battalion, and the 101st Medical Regiment, all U.S. Army, and about 275 Marine Corps replacement troops were landed, with the exception of unloading detail. 3. During this operation we were anchored with short scope of chain in readiness to get underway immediately, about 600 yards off shore. The transports were screened by cruisers and destroyers of Support Group 67.4 and Anti-submarine Screening Group 67.3. The BETELGEUSE and LIBRA, were discharging cargo about one mile to the eastward. 4. At 1318 (Mike) ComTaskFor 67 ordered all ships to get underway and prepare to repel air attack. This was carried out. 5. In accordance with previous instructions AP's and AK's formed division columns as follows: left column, Mc CAWLEY, CIIESCENT CITY and LIBRA; right column, PRESIDENT JACKSON, PRESIDENT ADAMS and BETELGEUSE. Course and axis 340°, standard speed 14 knots, interval 1000 yards, distance 600 yards. Support and screening vessels took station surrounding transports and cargo vessels. The formation was maneuvered by 90° turn signals by ComTaskFor 67. The ship was in Condition 1-A. All guns, consisting of 1-5"/51 cal., 4-3"/50 cal., 8-20 m.m. machine guns, and 8-.50 cal. Machine guns, were manned. The ship was as fully ready to repel attack as possible, considering that approximately 125 men, including Beach Party and boat crews, were not on board and that cargo hatches #1,2,3,4, and 5 were open. 6. At 1411 sighted approximately 18 enemy torpedo bombers, believed to be Mitsubishi, Type 96. They were coming in low from the northeast in several separate formations. As the planes approached, these formations separated further to attack separate units of our formation. Our formation was turned away from the general direction of the attack with a "nine turn" signal. 7. At 1412 this ship opened fire with all guns that would bear. It was noted that some of our machine guns opened fire when planes were still out of range. This was corrected insofar as possible. Due to the divergence of targets and our lack of fire control equipment, control was local at each gun, generally supervised by the Gunnery Officer in Control. 8. The accuracy and volume of fire appeared excellent. I was especially pleased with the effectiveness and smoothness of our fire, considering that the regular battery of 20 m.m. guns were manned by Condition 1-A guns, many of the regular crews being off the ship. I believe we brought down two planes. 9. This attack was beautifully frustrated. Practically all attacking planes were destroyed. One plane was observed to break into flames, and crash into the main mast of the SAN FRANCISCO causing an intense fire which was either extinguished or burned itself out quickly. No other damage was noted. 10. The action itself lasted about 5 minutes, from about 1412 to 1417. Ammunition was expended as follows: 5"/51 Cal. Main Battery: - - - - - - - - 3 rounds. 3"/50 Cal. A.A. Battery: Gun #1 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 10 rounds. Gun #2 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7 rounds. Gun #3 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 4 rounds. Gun #4 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 14 rounds. Total 35 rounds. 20 m.m. Battery: Gun #1 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 150 rounds. Gun #2 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 30 rounds. Gun #3 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 112 rounds. Gun #4 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 45 rounds. Gun #5 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0 rounds. Gun #6 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 5 rounds. Gun #7 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 100 rounds. Gun #8 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 86 rounds. Total 528 rounds. .50 Cal. Machine Gun Battery: Gun #1 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 25 rounds. Gun #2 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 20 rounds. Gun #3 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 330 rounds. Gun #4 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0 rounds. Gun #5 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0 rounds. Gun #6 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 5 rounds. Gun #7 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0 rounds. Gun #8 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0 rounds. Total 375 rounds. 11. There were no gun casualties, personnel casualties or damage to the ship. 12. At 1515 anchored in Transport area and continued unloading cargo. 13. Prior to departure from the area at 1830 (Mike) this ship received 28 seriously burned officers and men from the SAN FRANCISCO. Six of these men died that night and one died the following day. All were buried at sea. 14. The conduct of all officers and men under my command was excellent throughout and I have nothing but praise to offer for their coolness and efficiency under stress of this attack. C.W. WEITZEL.
U.S.S. PRESIDENT JACKSON ANTI-AIRCRAFT ACTION BY SURFACE SHIPS LOCATION OF SHIP: Off Guadalcanal, Solomon Island U.S.S. PRESIDENT JACKSON Date Nov. 12, 1942 (a) REPEL ATTACK FIRST - THEN COLLOECT DATA FOR THIS REPORT! (b) DO NOT "GUN DECK" THIS REPORT - IF DATA CANNOT BE ESTIMATED WITH REASONABLE ACCURACY ENTER DASH IN SPACE FOR WHICH NO DATA IS AVAILABLE. (c) THESE SHEETS ARE TO BE FILLED OUT IMMEDIATELY AFTER ACTION IS COMPLETED WITH DATA AVAILABLE FROM SHIP'S LOG, MEMORY, AND CONSULTATION WITH SHIP'S OFFICERS. INFORMATION IS ESSENTIAL IN ORDER THAT THE EFFECTIVENESS OF OUR EQUIPMENT CAN BE DETERMINED. WHERE DATA IS DOUBTFUL ACCURACY FILL IN WITH GENERAL TERMS. THE OBTAINING OF THIS INFORMATION MUST NOT BE ALLOWED IN ANY WAY TO ADVERSELY AFFECT THE HANDLING OF EQUIPMENT DURING ACTION. 1. SURPRISE ATTACK (yes or no): No 2. METHOD PICKING PLANE UP (radar, binoculars, naked eye): (If by Radar state type of set) Flag hoists, Radio Warning Received; Later planes sighted by naked eye. 3. RANGE PLANE WAS PICKED UP (50 miles, 30 miles, 10 miles, less 5 miles): 5 miles 4. NUMBER OF PLANES: 18 5. TYPE OF PLANE (Fighter, scout, dive-bomber): Torpedo Bombers TYPE OF ATTACK: Torpedo 6. SPEED AND ALTITUDE (high and fast, intermediate and fast, low and fast, high and slow, intermediate and slow, low and slow): low and fast 7. GUNS FIRING: All SIZE: 5"/51, 3"/50, 20MM and 50 Cal. Method of control: Local Number: 1-5"51; 4-3"50; 8-20MM; 8-50 Cal. Method Spotting: Local 8. AMMUNITION EXPENDED: 5"/51-3; 3"/50-35; 20MM-528; 50 Cal.-375 9. PERCENT SERVICE ALLOWANCE EXPENDED: 5"/51-.009%; 3"/50-.03% 20MM-.01%; 50 Cal.-.004% 10. APPROXIMATE TIME TRACKING TO FIRST SHOT: 1412 11. APPROXIMATE TIME OF FIRST HITS: 1414 12. APPROXIMATE TIME FIRST SHOT TO LAST SHOT: 1412-1417 13. APPROXIMATE POSITION ANGLE OPEN FIRE: 0°-10° 14. APPROXIMATE POSITION CEASE FIRE: 0°-10° 15. APPROXIMATE BEARING FIRST SHOT: 60°-90° 16. APPROXIMATE BEARING LAST SHOT: 0° 17. APPROXIMATE RANGE FIRST SHOT: 1500 yards 18. APPROXIMATE RANGE LAST SHOT: 1500 yards 19. APPROXIMATE ALTITUDE OF BOMB RELEASE: --- TYPE BOMB: --- 20. APPROXIMATE RANGE TORPEDO RELEASE: No torpedoes observed SIZE OF TORPEDO: ---- 21. HITS ON SHIP: None WAS SHIP STRAFED: No SIZE GUN: -- 22. NUMBER NEAR BOMB MISSES: none CASUALTIES FROM NEAR MISSES: none 23. PLANES SHOT DOWN: - Sure: -- POSSIBLE: 2 BAMAGED: 1(already hit) By what size gun: 20mm 24. DETAILS OF DAMAGE TO TARGET BY GUNFIRE IF AVAILABLE: Burst into flame and came down 25. PERFORMANCE OF AMMUNITION (Excellent, good, bad, poor): Excellent 26. PATTERN SIZES (Large, small excessive): Large SKETCH (a) INDICATE DIRECTION OF ATTACK RELATIVE SHIP'S HEAD. (b) SHOW RELATIVE POSITION OF SUN. (c) INDICATE OWN MANEUVERS. SHIP'S REPORT OF AIR ATTACK U.S.S. PRESIDENT JACKSON DATE Nov. 12, 1942 POSITION Guadalcanal COURSE 340 SPEED 14 TIME 1411 Solomon Island WEATHER DATA 1. SURFACE VISIBILITY (Miles) 7 2. ATMOSPHERE -Clear 3. SUN -Bright X-Hazy X-Obscured -Rain -High Glare -Fog -Low Glare 4. CLOUDS (Level) 5. CLOUDS FORMS -Solid 6. CLOUD TYPE Stratus Cumulus 3000 Feet -Broken X-Scattered 7. ATTACK (A) TYPE (Torp)(Dive Bomb)(Glide Bomb)(Horizontal)(Chem)(Smoke) Torp. (B) FORM (Mass)(Divided)(Dispersed)(Individual)(Coordinated) Divided. (C) APPROACH - Rel. Bearing By Radar Sighted 300° Sun Rel. Bearing 1411 Time No Surprise (yes or no) 90° Relative Bearing 0-10° Position Angle 1000 yds Slant Range 100 ft Altitude (D) ATTACK No. Planes 18 Type Torpedo Bombers Time Identified 1412 Pressed Home (yes or no) yes Altitude of Rel. or did not see Range Torpedo drop any dropped (E) DEFENSE Time of No. Gun Firing Controlled or Barrage Fire open fire No. Rds. Fired Local control 5"/3"/20mm/50 cal. 1412 3 1412 35 1413 528 1413 375 (F) RESULTS Effect Maneuvers on Gunfire none Hits Received none Effective Near Misses none Planes Shot Down 2 possible (G) MISC. Formation was maneuvered by right and left 90° turn signals with the evident objective of keeping the attack on the quarter and to make any planned approach difficult to execute. During the major attack the bearing of enemy planes changed rapidly but was usually abaft the beam.
AP37/ A16-3 U.S.S. PRESIDENT JACKSON CONFIDENTIAL November 15, 1942 From: The Executive Officer. To : The Commanding Officer. Subject: Action Report U.S,S. PRESIDENT JACKSON off Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, November 12, 1942. Reference: (a) Article 712 (1) U.S. Navy Regulations. (b) Article 948, U.S. Navy Regulations. Enclosure: (A) Report of deaths that occurred on board as a result of action with the enemy. (B) List of casuals of various units on board on leaving Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands. 1. In compliance with references (a) and (b) enclosures (A) and (B), and the following report are submitted. 2. Except for periods when the ship was repelling the air attack I was on the bridge with the Captain during all important activities. I concur with the battle report as submitted by the Commanding Officer. 3. At about 0643 I saw a shell explode in the water near the port side of the U.S.S. McCAWLEY and at 0722 saw another fall into the water at some distance from the transports. These shells apparently were fired by a Japanese battery in the vicinity of Kokumbona Point. 4. When Japanese torpedo bombers attacked the formation about 1411 I took charge of the after ships battery and directed their fire at the enemy planes as they came into range. The firing from the after battery was executed in a calm and deliberate manner by all personnel. Our fire appeared to be accurate and helped to destroy a number of enemy panes. 5. The ship unloaded all troops on board and all cargo except six Bren Gun Carriers between 0600 and 1745. About two hours were lost during the air raid. The following summary is submitted: Troops unloaded Officers: Navy - 4 Marines - 3 Army - 66 Total 73 Enlisted: Marines - 280 Army - 1091 Total 1371 Grand Total - 1444 Cargo unloaded Number of hoists 547 Number of boats loads 419 General cargo 40,614 cu.ft. 76Vehicles 8,789 sq.ft. 5. All members of the crew worked diligently to accomplish our mission of unloading the ship. The guns crews were perfectly disciplined during the firing. The conduct of all hands was exemplary throughout the day. I have no criticism to offer against any officer or man. E.P. ABERNETHY REPORT OF DEATH THAT OCCURRED ON BOARD AS A RESULT OF ACTION WITH THE ENEMY From the U.S.S. SAN FRANCISCO NAME RATE SERVICE NO. BRAKEL, Burgess Vance Sea2c 654 24 14 FLISAK, Stanley Anthony Y2c 243 65 98 HUEBSCH, Joe Henry AMM3c 393 39 72 MIDYETTE, Lewis Bracy FC2c(M) 262 49 44 MYLAN, Robert Vincent FC3c(M) 660 04 00 TERLIZZI, Angelo Sea1c 207 48 79 WALLACE, John Arnold FC3c(M) 337 48 79 LIST OF CASUALS OF VARIOUS UNITS ON BOARD ON LEAVING GUADALCANAL, SOLOMON ISLANDS FROM U.S.S. SAN FRANCISCO OFFICERS CHOUTEAU, Walter C. Lieutenant (jg) DVG, USNR L0MBARD, John A. Lieutenant (jg) DVG, USNR WALLACE, John George Lieutenant (jg) USN WEEMS, Jeptha Clark Ship's Clerk USN ENLISTED NAME RATE SERVICE NO. BARTA, Vit John FC2c(M) 360 18 20 BRAKEL, Burgess Vance Sea2c 654 24 14 BRANDON, Glen Harvey Sea2c 616 59 26 BRIGHAM, Donald Carlisle QM1c 234 17 94 CLARK, Acy Francis Sea2c 624 23 98 COVERT, Albert Donald Sea1c 279 75 59 DAVIS, Scott Sea1c 120 74 10 FELIX, Len Wilbur Sea1c 670 13 97 FINFROCK, Harry Lee Y2c 300 15 44 FLISAK, Stanley Anthony Y2c 243 65 98 HUEBSCH, Joe Henry AMM3c 393 39 72 KRUSE, William Eugene Y3c 321 46 61 MC DERMOTT, Joseph Alexander Jr. Y2c 258 14 58 MIDYETTE, Lewis Bracy FC2c(M) 262 49 44 MYLAN, Robert Vincent FC3c(M) 660 04 00 NASH, James Robert Sea2c 640 23 99 NICHOLS, Harold Wright FC3c(M) 287 41 45 PERRINE, Sheldon Ross Sea2c 614 09 00 SEXTON, Jefferson David Sea1c 382 23 29 SOLANO, Ralph Joseph Jr. Y2c 372 15 53 STARK, Joseph Paul Sea2c 382 57 17 TARPLEY, Lewis GM2c 268 50 09 TERLIZZI, Angelo Sea1c 207 28 47 VIANELLO, Charles Pratt RM2c 376 01 98 WALLACE, John Arnold FC3c(M) 337 48 79 FROM CACTUS MARINES ENLISTED NAME RATE NUMBER ORGANIZATION AHERN, Robert John Pfc 337069 Co.A. 1st Bn, 7th Marines BISHOP, Everett M. Jr. Pfc 339306 Co.F. 2nd Bn, 7th Marines DEVINE, Renald Gean Pvt 332459 Co.G. 2nd Bn, 7th Marines GRIFFITH, Harold John *Pvt 333626 Co.B. 1st Pioneer Bn. MANSUETI, Albert Eugene Pfc 333291 Co.K. 1st Bn, 1st Marines McWHORTER, William B. *Pvt 390047 Co.I. 3rd Bn, 8th Marines MILLER, Robert Louis *Pfc 319302 Co.K. 3rd Bn, 8th Marines PATTERSON, Earl Hewitt *Pvt Co.D. 1st Bn, 2nd Marines PAYNE, John Robert Pvt Co.L. 3rd Bn, 5th Marines PETTY, Paul *Pvt 330155 Co.A. 1st Bn, 2nd Marines SILVERNAIL, Kasper Paul Cpl 285455 Co.I. 3rd Bn, 1st Marines SIMPSON, Roy Earnest Pvt Co.A. 1st Bn, 2nd Marines STEVENS, Orville Halley Pfc 337824 Co.A. 1st Bn, 2nd Marines STUTESMAN, Carl James Pfc 311341 Co.L. 3rd Bn, 8th Marines SULLIVAN, James Walter *Pvt 353447 Co.K. 3rd Bn, 8th Marines TANNER, George Henry *Pfc 297628 Co.H. 2nd Bn, 7th Marines TYRRELL, Elwood Lee *Pvt 340015 Co.F. 2nd Bn, 2nd Marines *Denotes Marine Corps Reserve U.S. ARMY ENLISTED ACOSTA, Jose Apel Pvt USA 39232941 LAAKE, Leon Roland Pfc USA 6290198 McKELLOW, Richard Brock Pvt USA 39075329 REMAINING ON BOARD FROM TROOPS DISEMBARKED (Sick) U.S. MARINES ENLISTED HAWTHORN, Horson Dewey Pfc 282673 4th Rep.Bn, FMF. U.S. ARMY ENLISTED CARLISLE, John Theodore Cpl USA 34034531 DOUGETTE, Hubert Joseph Pvt USA 20105353
File No.A16-3(3) FE25/ AMPHIBIOUS FORCE SOUTH PACIFIC FORCE Office of the Commander U.S.S. McCAWLEY, Flagship, November 17, 1942. FIRST ENDORSEMENT to CO PRES JACKSON Ltr. AP37/A16-3/(074) of November 14, 1942. From: Commander Task Force SIXTY SEVEN. To : Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Pacific Fleet. Via : Commander South Pacific Force. Subject: Report of action off Guadalcanal, Solomon, Island, November 12, 1942. 1. Forwarded. R.K. TURNER.
COMSOPAC FILE SOUTH PACIFIC FORCE OF THE UNITED STATES PACIFIC FLEET HEADQUARTERS OF THE COMMANDER A16-3/(90) Serial 0275a CONFIDENTIAL SECOND ENDORSEMENT to CO PRES JACKSON Ltr. AP37/A16-3(074) of November 14, 1942 From: The Commander South Pacific Area and South Pacific Force. To : The Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Pacific Fleet. Subject: Report of action off Guadalcanal, Solomon Island, November 12, 1942. 1. Forwarded. W.F. HALSEY Copy to: CTF 67 CO PRES JACKSON
USS PRESIDENT JACKSON AP-37 SERIAL 523 12 NOVEMBER 1942 FIRING ON FRIENDLY PLANES REPORT OF FIRING ON FRIENDLY PLANES APPROACHING GUADALCANAL. AP37/ A16-3 10/Bs Serial (523) U.S.S. PRESIDENT JACKSON R-E-S-T-R-I-C-T-E-D November 12, 1942 From: The Commanding Officer To : The Commander Task Force 67. Via : The commander Transport Division TWO. Subject: Firing at Friendly planes, about 1005, 12 November, 1942. Reference: (a) CTF 67 despatch 112330 of November 1942. 1. About 1005 this date a squadron of planes in formation were seen approaching directly for the transport formation from about 030° True. 2. These planes were not spotted or at least were not reported to control or bridge until one or more combatant ships in the direction from which the planes were approaching had them under fire. 3. As these planes approached closer, the PRESIDENT JACKSON took up the fire. From the formation and approach directly at our ships, and also because there was firing from our screen, I was convinced they were enemy planes, although no warning had been received from higher authority. 4. When possibly a thousand yards on the far side of the ADAMS the formation swerved left toward the landing beach. Shortly after this cease firing was ordered by me. The same order was also received by flag hoist at about the same time. 5. The light conditions were very difficult; planes approached from the general direction of the sun. They approached head on, some with wheels down. No insignia was visible. We have no modern combat planes to our knowledge with fixed landing gear. The Japanese have several of this type. This fact alone convinced one of our lookouts, Pfc Robert B. Aldrich, U.S.A., recognized in his regiment as an expert, that these planes were enemy. It is extremely difficult to identify planes when approaching head on. 6. I believe the circumstances of an expected raid, or at least the strong probability of some type of enemy action which has naturally been emphasized this trip was partly responsible. It was also about the time of day when such raid might be expected. 7. In my opinion some warning should be given when friendly planes are expected to approach in formation. 8. It is also my belief that in this instance, these planes approached in the most suspicious manner possible and that considering all circumstances combined we were justified in opening fire. 9. I accept full personal responsibility for this firing. C.W. WIETZEL
FROM: CTF 65 TO: TF65 Z OK5 180120 K5 GR 22 BT ALL VESSELS WHICH FIRED ON THE PLANE AT 1200 WHICH WAS OBVIOUSLY FRIENDLY SUBMIT IMMEDIATELY WRITTEN EXPLANATIONS WITH STATEMENT FROM THOSE RESPONSIBLE. FROM: CTF 65 TO: PRESIDENT HAYES 0145 BT WAS YOUR SHIP FRIST TO FIRE ON THAT FRIENDLY PLANE. FROM: PRESIDENT HAYES TO: CTF 65 0155 BT YOUR 0145 DO NOT KNOW WAS WATCHING PLANE X CAME ABOUT MASTHEAD HEIGHT DIRECT FOR MY PORT BEAM X HIS TACTICS EXACT REPPPRODUCTION OF TORPEDO PLANE ATTACK AND ENTIRELY UNLIKE OTHER PLANES APPROACH ON LOCAL FGIELD X AS SOON AS HE BANKED I ORDERED CEASE FIRING TWELVE TWENTY MM AND EIGHT ROUNDS FIFTY CAL HAVING BEEN FIRED. FROM: CTF 65 TO : PRESIDENT HAYES 0240 BT YOUR 0145 WHO ISSUED ORDERS TO OPEN FIRE. FROM: PRESIDENT HAYES TO: CTF 65 0253 BT YOUR 0240 X COMMANDING OFFICER FMD V BTZ / U9L / 1149 RRR
File No. A16-3 Serial 12 SOUTH PACIFIC FORCE AMPHIBIOUS FORCE COMMANDER TRANSPORT DIVISION TWO R-E-S-T-R-I-C-T-E-D November 12, 1942 1st Endorsement to CO PRES JACKSON Rest. Ltr. AP37/A16-3 Serial 523 of November 12, 1942 From: Commander Transports Division Two. To : Commander Task Force 67. Subject: Firing at friendly planes, about 1005, 12 November, 1942. 1. Forwarded. 2. It is urgently recommended that in combat areas such as Cactus formations of our own planes take definite steps to establish friendly character, such as circling transports before assuming an approach formation which can be so easily misinterpreted as an enemy attack, as was in this regrettable case. I.N. KILAND. Cc: CO PRES JACKSON


History of the U.S.S. PRESIDENT JACKSON AP-37


                         PRESIDENT JACKSON Class
                          Completed - 1940 -42 

AP-37  President Jackson (APA-18)
AP-38  President Adams (APA-19)
AP-39  President Hayes (APA-20)
AP-60  President Jefferson (APA-21)


Dimensions

Displacement:
   16,700 (Full load)
Length: 492' (oa)
Beam: 69' 6"
Draft: 27' 6" (max)

Armament

4 3"/50 DP
2 40mm AA twins
14 20mm AA 

Carrying capacity

31-32 LCVP
2 LCM
1,550 TROOPS

Propulsion

Speed: 17 knots (max)
       10 knots (econ) 
Horsepower: 8,500 (shaft)
Drive: Geared turbine 
       1 screws; 
Fuel: 1,700 tons oil (max)


Links to other web-sites with information on the
U.S.S. PRESIDENT JACKSON


NavSource Online  Has photos of AP-37
Naval Historical Center  Has info. and photos of the U.S.S. PRESIDENT JACKSON


Home


Mail any comments or questions to Scott Davis All right reserved © Copyright 1997 - 2020